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Language The simple past tense.

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Presentation on theme: "Language The simple past tense."— Presentation transcript:

1 Language The simple past tense

2 Find out the following words’ simple past forms in Reading A
begin hold 3. is go 5. steal are 7. can run 9. leave take 11. get see began held was went stole were could ran left took got saw 动词的过去式

3 Last night I went to the movie with a friend.
The simple past tense 表示过去某一时间所发生的动作或存在的状态,一般 与表示过去的时间连用。 Last night I went to the movie with a friend. She was on a journey last month. We didn’t go to school yesterday. 一般过去时的句子中谓语动词要用过去式,动词的过去式有以下几种变化形式。 1. 一般的动词后面加 –ed. 如:look looked 2. 以-e结尾的动词后面直接加-d. 3. 以辅音+y结尾的动词,变y为i, 再加-ed. 4. 以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个辅音字母的动词,先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed. 5.不规则动词的过去式形式不以加-ed 构成,需要逐个记忆

4 Sentence structure The simple past tense Adverbial phrases of time
yesterday; yesterday morning last night/ week/ year two days ago (three years ago…) in 1990 (in 1998…) 主语+ be (was/were) 主语+动词过去式

5 主语+was/ were +not 主语+didn’t +动词原型 Was/ Were +主语 Did +主语+动词原型
1 Rebecca was a film. (改否定句) Rebecca ___ ___ a film but a novel. 2 Lucy did her homework at home.(改否定句) Lucy ___ ___ her homework at home. 3 They were construction workers ten years ago. (变一般疑问句) ____ they construction workers ten years ago? 4 He found some meat in the fridge.(变一般疑问句) ____ he ___ ___ meat in the fridge? was not didn’t do Were Did find any 主语+was/ were +not 主语+didn’t +动词原型 Was/ Were +主语 Did +主语+动词原型

6 比较 时态 Simple past 肯定句 I am ~. He is ~ . I was ~. He was ~ . 否定句
Simple present Simple past 肯定句 I am ~. He is ~ . I was ~. He was ~ . 否定句 I am not ~. He isn’t ~ . He wasn’t ~ . 一般疑问句 Are you ~? Is he ~ ? Were you ~? Was he ~ ? 特殊疑问句 疑问词 + is/ are +主语 ~ ? 疑问词+ was/ were +主语 ~? 句型

7 比较 时态 Simple past 肯定句 I go ~. He goes ~. I went ~. He went ~. 否定句
Simple present Simple past 肯定句 I go ~. He goes ~. I went ~. He went ~. 否定句 I don’t go ~. He doesn’t go ~. I didn’t go ~. He didn’t go ~. 疑问句 Do you go ~ ? Does he go ~ ? Did you go ~ ? Did he go ~ ? 句型 特殊疑问句 疑问词 + do/ does+主语 ~ ? 疑问词+ did +主语 ~?

8 What does Judy usually do on the weekend?
What did Judy do on last weekend? She plays computer games. She played computer games. Did she play table tennis? No, she didn’t play table tennis. She goes water skiing. She went water skiing. Did she go skiing? No, she didn’t go skiing. Things to remember: We add –ed to most regular verbs.

9 a. simple past of regular verbs
规则动词的过去式 clean brush - 2. like live - 3. study try - 4. stop plan - clean brush ed ed like live d d stud tr ied ied 动词的过去式 stop plan ped ned

10 a. simple past of irregular verbs
不规则动词的过去式 be break buy - can come cost - do drive fall - get give go – catch- was/were broke bought could came cost did drove fell got gave went caught

11 Police catch pizza gang
Yesterday, a robbery took place at the famous restaurant, the Pizza Palace. At two thirty, two men ____ (go) into the Pizza Palace. They (2) _______ (carry) guns. Another member of the gang, a woman, (3)_______ (wait) outside in the car. The robbers (4) __________ (not take) any money, but they (5) ____ (take) a lot of pizzas. They ran towards their car, but they (6) ____(fall) into a hole in the road. The woman tried to (7) _____ (drive) away. However, three policemen (8)______ (arrive) in time and (9) _______ (catch) the members of the gang. This is the world’s first pizza robbery. went carried waited did not take took fell drive arrived caught

12 B 表示过去的时间状语 yesterday the day before yesterday yesterday morning/ afternoon/ evening last week (year, night, month, term….) just now, then in 1998/ 2004 2 hours/ a month/ long long ago once upon a time

13 More practice Fill in the blank with the words in the brackets in the correct form. Last Tuesday Lisa(1)_____(fly) from London to Madrid. She (2)_____(get) up at six o’clock in the morning and (3)____(have) a cup of coffee. At 6:30 she (4)______(leave) home and (5)______(drive) to the airport. When she ______(arrive), she(7)_______(park) the car and then (8)______(go) to the airport café. She (9)____(eat) breakfast there. The she (10)_______(walk) through passport control and (11)_______(wait) for her flight. The plane (12)_________(depart) on time and (13)_______(arrive) in Madrid two hours later. Finally she (14)_____(take) a taxi from the airport to her hotel in the centre of Madrid. flew got had left drove arrived parked went ate walked waited departed arrived took

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