Simple Past and Past Progressive
Past Time Frame Simple Past and Past Progressive
Simple Past Structure:
Regular verbs: add –d or –ed to the base form of the verb Irregular verbs: change forms: see/saw, go/went, do/did, etc.
Simple Past: Question & Negative
Use Did + base form to form a question with simple past. DO NOT use – ed with questions. Use did not + base form to form the negative. DO NOT use – ed with the negative. Did you see Maria yesterday? (Not: Did you saw Maria yesterday?) No, I did not see her. Did you talk to her? No, I didn’t talk to her. (Not: I didn’t talked to her.)
Simple Past: Usage Use the simple past to show the order of events, one thing after another. After I heard the news, I called my mother. Use the simple past with when or after to express cause and effect. When lightning struck, the power went out.
Simple Past: Usage Use the simple past tense for an event that occurred at a specified time in the past, for example with phrases such as yesterday, last week, in January, at 2:00, etc. I went home at 5:3O pm. Use the simple past to tell a story (narration) about something that happened in the past. When I was a girl, I lived on a street on the edge of town. One time our horse got stuck in our pool (which was very small and had no water at the time). We didn’t know how to get him out, so we called our neighbor…
Past and Past Use simple past and simple past to show one action after another in the past. Use time clauses with before, after, or when: Before he went to work, he stopped at Starbucks. After he played soccer, he went home. When he walked into the house, he greeted his wife.
Past Progressive Structure: was/were + verb-ing
Usage: Use past progressive to tell about an action in progress at a specified time in the past. When I arrived, he was giving a speech. When she came in, the teacher was talking. At 1pm, he was working.
Past Progressive Use the past progressive to describe an activity in progress for a continuous period of time in the past. During Christmas vacation, she was visiting her family. She was smoking during the break.
Past Progressive Use the past progressive with while for two actions occurring simultaneously (at the same time) over a period of time in the past. While I was talking on the phone, she was watching TV. He was doing his homework while I was working on the computer. While I was playing tennis, he was cleaning the yard.
Simple Past vs. Past Progressive
Completed action at specified time in past Ordered events with “before” and “after” Cause-effect with “when” or “after” Used for narrative Interrupts a continuous action (in progressive) Action in progress over a period of time In progress at an exact moment in the past Two simultaneous actions Begins narrative Continuous action can be interrupted (action in past) Simple Past Past Progressive
Practice Complete the following sentences in the past:
1. Before I came to school… 2. After I went home yesterday… 3. While I was driving this morning… 4. When I ate dinner… 5. At 10:00 this morning,…
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