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Past Perfect made by Zaripova E.R.
Let’s revise I played tennis yesterday.
Past Simple I played tennis yesterday. She won a gold medal last year. They didn’t go to school the day before yesterday. He didn’t have a flat of his own a year ago. Did you leave school in 1999? When did we buy that vase? Past Progressive I was playing tennis yesterday at 3 p.m. They were playing tennis when it began to rain. They weren’t doing homework while she was shopping. He wasn’t having lunch when you called.
Past Perfect I, he, she, it, you, they had Verb + ed Verb 3 had not
e.g. They had done their homework before they went out to play yesterday afternoon. had not (hadn’t) Verb + ed Verb 3 I, he, she, it, you, they e.g. She hadn’t watered all the flowers by five o’clock in the afternoon.
What had Lesley done before her husband came home? She had cooked dinner, but she hadn’t laid the table.
Put the verbs into the correct form of the
Past Perfect had returned 1. Jason … … … (return) home before the storm began. had finished 2. The children … … … (finish) doing their homework by nine o’clock. had done 3. After Sarah … … … (do) the shopping, she had coffee with her friends at a café. hadn’t repaired 4. When I got to the garage, the mechanic … … … (not/repair) my car. hadn’t been 5. The boys were scared because they … … … (not/be) on a plane before. Had Lucy packed 6. … … … (Lucy/pack) her suitcase by the time you called her?
It was Mary’s birthday yesterday and she gave a party for her friends
It was Mary’s birthday yesterday and she gave a party for her friends. What had she done before the day of the party?
She had sent the invitations.
send/the invitations She had sent the invitations. clean/the house She had cleaned the house. bake/a cake She had baked a cake.
She had borrowed some CDs
borrow/some CDs She had borrowed some CDs prepare/the food She had prepared the food. put up/the decorations She had put up the decorations.
We use the Past Perfect:
An action happened in the past before another past action: Sue had packed her rucksack before she called a taxi. An action happened before a stated time in the past: Sue had watered all the flowers by 6 o’clock in the evening. We use the Past Simple: Actions happened immediately one after the other in the past. Yesterday he got up at 7 a.m., had a shower, got dressed, had breakfast, left his flat and went to work.
Compare: They had eaten dinner when their friends came. (Вначале они 1.поужинали, а друзья 2.пришли потом.) They were eating dinner when their friends came. (Они всё ещё ужинали, когда пришли друзья.) They ate dinner when their friends came. (Вначале 1.пришли друзья и они вместе 2.сели поужинать.)
Match the columns to make correct sentences
1.By the time he came to the airport … … her husband had forgotten her bithday. 2. Mary was angry because … b. … after we had bought the ticket. 3. The bank robbers had escaped … c. … the plane had already taken off. 4. We went to the theatre … d. … after she had won the prize. 5. The actress gave an interview … e. … before the police arrived.
Join the sentences using the words in brackets
e.g. She cleaned the house. Then she watched TV. (after) After she had cleaned the house, she watched TV. 1.I found a solution to my problem. Then I felt happier. (after) 2. The boys finished their homework. Then they went out to play. (before) 3. He locked the door. Then the phone rang. (after) 4. Sarah washed the dishes. Then her husband arrived. (by the time) 5. The concert finished. Then the fans left the stadium. (when) 6. The play started. Then Harry arrived at the theatre. (already…when)
Questions Rick and Alison went on holiday last weekend. Look at the phrases and ask and answer the questions: e.g. – Had they bought tickets before they left? - Yes, they had. buy/tickets – yes lock/house - yes leave/car at the garage – no book/hotel room – no feed/the cat – yes phone/neighbours - no
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