14 4. Who came up with the idea for interchangeable parts 4. Who came up with the idea for interchangeable parts? How did interchangeable parts change industry?Eli WhitneyFaster productionEasier repairsAssembly line
28 Native Americans are driven off land to make room for plantations. Pg
29 Slavery became even more important to the Southern economy
30 Although slaves made up about 1/3 of the South’s population by 1840, most Southerners did not own slaves!!!Only about 1/3 of white Southerners owned slaves…only 1/10 of those owned 20 or more
31 8. Describe some of the difficulties free African Americans faced. had to leave state once they became freecould not vote or go to schoolmany employers refused to hire themafraid of being sold into slavery
32 9. What were spirituals?Religious folk songs sung by slaves that often contained coded messages about escape routes.
37 10. Describe the Nat Turner Rebellion and its effect on African Americans in the South. Slave rebellion55 whites were killedTurner and his followers were caught/hangedSpread fear in the SouthHarsher laws for African Americans
43 13. Why was Monroe’s administration called the “Era of Good Feeling”? Nationalism /patriotism: War of 1812Only one political partyFederalist Party died out
44 14. What two court cases strengthened the federal govt 14. What two court cases strengthened the federal govt. during Monroe’s admin.?McCullough v. Marylandstate cannot tax a national bankGibbons v. Ogdeninterstate (between states) commerce can only be regulated by federal govt
45 15. How did the US settle disputes with Britain in the early 1800s 15. How did the US settle disputes with Britain in the early 1800s? (two treaties & what they agreed on)Rush-Bagot Agreement – limited both navies on Great LakesConvention of 1818 – 49th parallel as US/Canadian BorderPg. 341
46 Seminoles from Florida were raiding Georgia 16. Why were relations tense between US and Spain?LA Purchase boundarySeminoles from Florida were raiding GeorgiaWhat was Andrew Jackson sent to do?Stop Seminoles from raidingHow did he overstep his authority?Claimed Florida for the USHow did the US finally acquire Florida?Adams-Onis Treaty
49 17/18. define … nationalism sectionalism pride in one’s country putting region/state ahead of the nation
50 19. How did economic changes contribute to sectionalism? Each section of the country wanted to protect its economic interests…….
51 West – Food Farmers: wanted cheap land and good transportation Northeast – Factory owners/workers: wanted to protect the interests of factory’sSouth –Cotton Plantations:wanted to protect the interest of plantation and slave owners
52 1817 Congress Slave States Free States 11 11 20. Why did the question of admitting Missouri to the Union divide the nation?Adding Missouri as a slave state would disrupt the balance of free/slave states in Congress1817 CongressSlave States Free States
53 21. What law was passed that finally admitted Missouri to the Union? Missouri CompromiseHenry Clay – “Great Compromiser”I’ve got an idea…..Lets compromise!
54 What else happened as a result of this law? Missouri entered as a slave state & Maine entered as a free stateSlaveryAllowedSlavery
55 Prohibited in most of Louisiana Territory 22. How did the Missouri Compromise address the issue of slavery in US Territories and future states? Pg. 342Prohibited in most of Louisiana TerritoryMissouri Compromise
56 What events led Monroe to issue the “Monroe Doctrine”? Some European monarchies planned to regain their colonies in Central and South America