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National and Regional Growth Early Industry and Invention.

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Presentation on theme: "National and Regional Growth Early Industry and Invention."— Presentation transcript:

1 National and Regional Growth Early Industry and Invention

2 Around 1800 a lot of big changes were starting to take place in the world – and in America. Most of them centered around new inventions. Most of them centered around new inventions. In the world – this was a time called the “ Industrial Revolution.” In the world – this was a time called the “ Industrial Revolution.”

3 One immigrant had new methods for improving textile production Samuel Slater Samuel Slater Had lived in England and had worked in a textile mill. Had lived in England and had worked in a textile mill. Those kinds of people were not allowed to leave England – they didn’t want their secrets to get out. Those kinds of people were not allowed to leave England – they didn’t want their secrets to get out. He did sneak out and came to America and started the first textile mill in the U.S. He did sneak out and came to America and started the first textile mill in the U.S.

4 Because of these new machines, Americans could do 2 things They could make a lot of cloth and make it quicker and easier than ever before. They could make a lot of cloth and make it quicker and easier than ever before. They didn ’ t have to buy textiles from England any more and those profits could go back to Americans. They didn ’ t have to buy textiles from England any more and those profits could go back to Americans.

5 Some of these factories were HUGE This factory system started in New England. This factory system started in New England. They needed workers for these mills – a LOT of workers They needed workers for these mills – a LOT of workers For the first time in America, people started moving off farms and into cities. For the first time in America, people started moving off farms and into cities.

6 These factories hired either… Families who would all be part of a “ factory town ” Families who would all be part of a “ factory town ” Even the kids would work – they had smaller hands to work with some of the machines. Even the kids would work – they had smaller hands to work with some of the machines. Young women who would end up living in a “dormitory” at/near the factory. Young women who would end up living in a “dormitory” at/near the factory. They were watched closely – at work and even after work (had to follow strict rules, go to church, obey company policies) They were watched closely – at work and even after work (had to follow strict rules, go to church, obey company policies)

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9 Another important idea Eli Whitney was given the responsibility of producing guns for the army. Eli Whitney was given the responsibility of producing guns for the army. Every gun was made individually and each might be made just a little bit different than the other. Every gun was made individually and each might be made just a little bit different than the other. He thought of a better way – interchangeable parts – where parts were made separately and then assembled. This speeded up production, made repairs easier, and allowed factories to open where he could give people jobs. He thought of a better way – interchangeable parts – where parts were made separately and then assembled. This speeded up production, made repairs easier, and allowed factories to open where he could give people jobs.

10 Then… came the Steamboat (Part of the Transportation Revolution) Robert Fulton developed a steamboat that could go upstream or against the current. Robert Fulton developed a steamboat that could go upstream or against the current. Later an even more powerful paddleboat/steamboat was invented. Later an even more powerful paddleboat/steamboat was invented.

11 And for communication came… (The Communications Revolution) The telegraph – Samuel Morse. The telegraph – Samuel Morse. Messages came in electrical signals which could be decoded into letters and words. Messages came in electrical signals which could be decoded into letters and words. People could now communicate quickly throughout the country (or wherever they could put telegraph wires). People could now communicate quickly throughout the country (or wherever they could put telegraph wires).

12 And… we can ’ t forget about farmers New machines were invented to make farming easier and increase production. New machines were invented to make farming easier and increase production. One of these was the steel plow – invented by John Deere One of these was the steel plow – invented by John Deere (yeah – that guy) (yeah – that guy)

13 And… more farm tools Reapers Reapers Threshing machines Threshing machines Mechanical “ grain drills ” Mechanical “ grain drills ”

14 You haven ’ t noticed it, but… This affects the whole country This affects the whole country Midwest farmers would grow more food to feed Northeast factory workers. Midwest farmers would grow more food to feed Northeast factory workers. Midwest farmers needed things made in Northeastern factories. Midwest farmers needed things made in Northeastern factories. Southerners needed to grow more cotton to supply New England textile mills. Southerners needed to grow more cotton to supply New England textile mills.

15 After the War of 1812… there started to be struggles in America between ideas of nationalism and ideas of sectionalism Nationalism: a feeling of pride in your country. Nationalism: a feeling of pride in your country. Sectionalism: a feeling that your section of the country is more important than other sections of the country. Sectionalism: a feeling that your section of the country is more important than other sections of the country.

16 Americans especially began to want better transportation systems (more of the Transportation Revolution) Congress had already started building a “ national road ” – all the way to Illinois Congress had already started building a “ national road ” – all the way to Illinois

17 A lot of Canals were dug The Erie Canal was one of the more famous The Erie Canal was one of the more famous This linked the East Coast to the Great Lakes and the Midwest This linked the East Coast to the Great Lakes and the Midwest

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19 But there were problems between sections of the country Missouri wanted to be added to the country as a new state. Missouri wanted to be added to the country as a new state. It could be either a slave state, or a free state. It could be either a slave state, or a free state. At the time the country had 11 free and 11 slave states. At the time the country had 11 free and 11 slave states.

20 It was decided to let Missouri enter the Union as a slave state. It was decided to let Missouri enter the Union as a slave state. But… only at the same time that Maine would be added as a free state. But… only at the same time that Maine would be added as a free state. This agreement is called: The Missouri Compromise.

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22 Another issue at this same time was: In Latin America there was a plan to help Spain and Portugal get back some of their lost colonies. In Latin America there was a plan to help Spain and Portugal get back some of their lost colonies. There were even some Russian colonies being set up all the way from Alaska to near where San Francisco is today. There were even some Russian colonies being set up all the way from Alaska to near where San Francisco is today.

23 President Monroe issued a statement to the world (called: The Monroe Doctrine) He said the Americas were closed to further expansion and settlement. He said the Americas were closed to further expansion and settlement. He warned these other countries that we’d protect our interests here. He warned these other countries that we’d protect our interests here. He also promised the United States wouldn’t interfere with anything that went on in Europe. He also promised the United States wouldn’t interfere with anything that went on in Europe.


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