Presentation on theme: "Anxiety Disorders Chapter 18 Section 2. What is Anxiety? Anxiety- A psychological state characterized by tension and apprehension, foreboding, and dread."— Presentation transcript:
What is Anxiety? Anxiety- A psychological state characterized by tension and apprehension, foreboding, and dread. Anxiety refers to a general state of dread or uneasiness that occurs in response to a vague or imagined danger.
Physical Signs and Symptoms of Anxiety Trembling Sweating Rapid Heart Rate Shortness of Breath Increased blood pressure Flushed Face Feelings of faintness or light headedness
Types of Anxiety Disorders Phobic Disorder Panic Disorders and Agoraphobia Generalized Anxiety Disorder Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Stress Disorders
Phobic Disorder Phobia- an excessive, irrational fear out of proportion to the actual danger. Most common Anxiety disorder The most common phobias are: Zoophobia- a fear of animals Claustrophobia- a fear of enclosed spaces Acrophobia- a fear of heights Arachnophobia- a fear of spiders Hematophobia- a fear of blood Aviaphobia- a fear of air travel Social Phobia- a fear of social situations
Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia Panic Attack- an episode of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and other frightening sensations, such as chest pain, rapid heartbeat, or choking. Agoraphobia- a fear of crowded, public places. Most people with Agoraphobia have panic attacks
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Obsessions are unwanted thoughts, ideas, or mental images that occur over and over again. Compulsions are repetitive ritual behaviors, often involving checking or cleaning something.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder refers to intense, persistent feelings of anxiety that are caused an experience so traumatic that it would produce stress in almost anyone. Symptoms: –Flashbacks –Nightmares –Numberness of feelings –Aviodance of stimuli associated with the trauma – Increased tension
Writing Prompt You are an armed soldier in Iraq and a 10- year-old boy is about to throw a grenade at your squad that could kill or wound at least five or six of your fellow soldiers. Would you shoot the boy? Why or why not? http://www.pbs.org/pov/soldiersofconscien ce/video_classroom1.php#.U4N0H_0x8Y U
Questions to answer What parameters (who, when, why, how) would you set around killing in wartime? How would your justification for taking human life apply to the issue of capital punishment? What is your position on killing in war? Explain your argument. Does your position change in response to certain wars (Iraq, Afghanistan, Vietnam, World War II, etc.)? If our country is attacked, how should we defend our families and ourselves?