What is Psychology? Pick a partner Tell them what psychology is
Psychology The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.The scientific study of behavior and mental processes. –scientific research methods. –Behavior = all observable behavior. –Mental processes = thoughts, feelings and dreams.
Where did Psychology come from? Aspects of the Mind have been pondered for thousands of years by Philosophers! ….like… Socrates! Plato! Nature It’s Nature – we’re just born this way!
…and Aristotle! …and Aristotle! (335 B.C.) Nurture! It’s Nurture! Our environment shapes who we are!
Nature vs Nurture This is still the fundamental debate in Psychology today! the mind and behavior remained merely philosophic discussion until….the mind and behavior remained merely philosophic discussion until….
1879 establishes the first psychology laboratory at the University of Leipzig, Germany. This is generally considered the starting point of Psychology as a science. Wilhelm WundtWilhelm Wundt
Psychoanalysts Sigmund FreudSigmund Freud - around 1900 The unconscious mind controls much of our thoughts and actions!
Behaviorists 1930s and 1940s1930s and 1940s People repeat behaviors that are rewarded and stop behaviors that are punished! Pavlov Watson
Humanists 1960s and 1970s People have free will! They are guided by physical, emotional and spiritual needs! Carl Rogers and others – 1960s and 1970s
A Few more Contemporary Psychological Perspectives
Cognitive Perspective Focus: On how people think and process information Behavior is explained by how a person interprets the situation
Biological Perspective Focus: How our biological structures and substances underlie a given behavior, thought, or emotionFocus: How our biological structures and substances underlie a given behavior, thought, or emotion Behavior is explained by brain chemistry, genetics, glands, etc.Behavior is explained by brain chemistry, genetics, glands, etc.
Social-Cultural Perspective Focus: How thinking and behavior change depending on the setting or situation Behavior is explained by the influence of other people present
Fields in Psychology What do people do with a degree in Psychology? …what can I do with a degree in Psychology?
Fields in Psychology Applied v. Basic Psychology: –Applied refers to practical and interactive psychology. –Basic refers mainly to the research fields of psychology.
Therapy Mental and physical rehabilitation regarding mental disorders. Can include medications, in/out patient services, counseling, etc
School Assisting school-aged children, adolescence issues, counseling, etc.
Clinical Diagnosis and treatment of troubled people.
Industrial/Organizational Practical issues of selecting and training a workforce
Forensic Psychology Provide advice to legislators, judges, correctional officers, lawyers and the police
Sports Psychology Sport-specific psychological assessment and mental skills Goal-setting, self- confidence, eating disorders, overtraining and burnout counseling, team building, sportsmanship
Developmental Study mental and physical growth from prenatal through death.