Presentation on theme: "The Presidency The President’s Roles"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Presidency The President’s Roles Chief of State – ceremonial head of government, the symbol of the nation’s peopleChief Executive – given the power to execute all lawsChief Administrator – the director of the Federal GovernmentChief Diplomat – nation’s chief spokesperson and architect of foreign policyCommander in Chief – Leader of the nation’s armed forcesChief Legislator – main architect of the nation’s public policyChief of Party – leader of his or her political partyChief Citizen – the representative of all the people
2 Formal Qualifications Must be a natural-born citizen (born on U.S. soil)Must be at least 35 years oldMust have lived in the U.S. for at least 14 years
3 The President’s TermThe 22nd Amendment to the Constitution states that no person may be elected President more than twice.Prior to this, there was no limit. FDR was elected President four times.
4 The Constitution and Succession The 25th Amendment to the Constitution states that if a President is removed from office, dies while in office, or resigns from office, the Vice President will become PresidentPresidential Succession Act of 1947 – fixed the order of succession after the VP.Speaker of the House, President pro tempore of the Senate, Secretary of State, then the other 13 heads of the Cabinet departments in the order, in which they were created.
5 The Vice PresidencyThe Vice President only has two formal duties according to the Constitution.Preside over the Senate, and break ties.Help decide the question of presidential disability
6 Electoral CollegeThe group of electors chosen from each state and Washington D.C. to formally select the President and Vice President.The President is not directly elected by the people, but rather by the states, with the opinion of the people.12th Amendment – Changed the way the Vice President was selected.The President and Vice President now run together, instead of giving the VP to the election’s runner-up
7 Presidential PowerImperial presidency – term used to describe a President as an “emperor” who acts without consulting Congress or acts in secrecy to evade or deceive Congress.Negative criticism about the Presidents ability to take as much power as he wants.
8 President’s Executive Powers 4 Major Powers of the PresidentPower to Execute the Law – the power to enforce, administer, and carry out the lawOrdinance Power (executive orders) – the power to issue directives, rules, or regulations that have the effect of lawAppointment Power – the power to select individuals who will help in the administration of governmentRemoval Power – the power to removal appointed officials from office
9 Diplomatic and Military Powers Executive Agreement – a pact between the President and the head of a foreign state. Much like a treaty, but this does not have to be approved by the Senate.The Power of RecognitionWhen the President recognizes a country, he recognizes that country’s legal existence, and the two countries will exchange diplomatic representatives.
10 Commander in ChiefAs Commander in Chief, the President may send troops into battle without a declaration of war from Congress.According to the War Powers Act, the President must notify Congress within 48 hours.Troops may stay in combat for no more than 60 days, unless Congress approves continued action.
11 Legislative PowersRecommending Legislation – using the “Bully Pulpit,” the President uses his influence to suggest areas in which Congress should focusVeto Power – The President may veto bills he does not agree withCan call Congress to special sessionMay adjourn Congress(Prorogue) when the two houses cannot agree on a date to end the session.
12 Judicial PowersReprieve – the postponement of a sentence given by a courtPardon – legal forgiveness of a crimeClemency – mercy of leniency granted to an offender in federal crimes onlyCommutation – the power to reduce the length of a sentence or fine for a crimeAmnesty – A blanket pardon offered to a group of law violators.