2 PRESIDENTIAL QUALIFICATIONS TO BE THE PRESIDENT YOU MUST FILL ALLOF THE FORMAL REQUIREMENTS.AGE35CITIZENSHIPNATURAL BORNU.S. CITIZENRESIDENCYHAVE LIVED IN THE U.S. AT LEAST 14 YEARS
3 POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT MILITARYPOWERSEXECUTIVEPOWERSLEGISLATIVEPOWERSDIPLOMATICPOWERSJUDICIALPOWERS
4 EXECUTIVE POWERSEXECUTIVE POWERS ARE THOSE POWERS THE PRESIDENT HAS AND USES TO MAKE SURE THAT FEDERAL LAW IS CARRIED OUT. THEY INCLUDE:Executing the law: Article II, Section 1, Clause 8 (the presidential oath) and Article II, Section 3 (“take care” power)Appointing power: 3,000,000 federal employees that are appointed (federal judges, cabinet members, heads of independent agencies, and officers of the military)Ordinance power: power to issue executive orders, force of law even though it is not a lawRemoval power- Can remove any from office that he has appointed except the justices of the Supreme Court
5 DIPLOMATIC POWERSTHE PRESIDENTS DIPLOMATIC POWERS ARE AMONG HIS MOST IMPORTANT POWERS.Treaties: usually through the secretary of state, 2/3 senate approvalExecutive agreements: like treaties in that they are agreements between the President and foreign leaders, but they do not require the approval of the Senate. They usually stem out of previous legislation, or a previous treaty.Recognition: the President, representing the United States, acknowledges the legal existence of that country and its government.
6 MILITARY POWERSDuring wartime, the President can make critical decisions that he feels is necessary for wartime as COMMANDER AND CHIEF.The President also has the power to send troops into combat, without approval by Congress. This is referred to as undeclared war….the War Powers Act.The President can use troops for domestic peace within the United States.
7 LEGISLATIVE POWERSThe President possesses the power to submit or recommend ideas to Congress.The President gives a “State of the Union” address each year, where he presents ideas for new legislation to Congress.Veto PowerCall a special session of Congress
8 JUDICIAL POWERSACCORDING TO ARTICLE II, SECTION 2, CLAUSE 1 THE PRESIDENT HAS THE POWER TO ISSUE:PARDON – ISSUED BY THE PRESIDENT IT IS LEGAL FORGIVENESS FOR A CRIMEAMNESTY – ISSUED BY THE PRESIDENT IT IS A PARDON FOR A LARGE GROUP OF PEOPLEREPRIEVE – ISSUED BY THE PRESIDENT IT IS POSTPONING A SENTENCECOMMUTATION- ISSUED BY THE PRESIDENT IT IS A REDUCTION OF A SENTENCE
9 ROLES OF THE PRESIDENT CHIEF EXECUTIVE CHIEF DIPLOMAT CHIEF LEGISLATOR CITIZENCOMMANDERAND CHIEFCHIEF OFSTATECHIEF OFPARTYCHIEFADMINISTRATOR
10 EXECUTIVE OFFICES“The President’s right arm” as it is referred to is the several offices that are staffed by the President’s closest advisors, and are designed to help the President make, and enforce policy.NATIONALSECURITYCOUNCILOFFICE OFMANAGEMENTAND BUDGETOFFICE OFNATIONAL DRUGCONTROL POLICYCOUNCIL OFECONOMICADVISORSCABINETOTHERS
11 VICE PRESIDENTIAL DUTIES BY CONSTITUTION THE VICE PRESIDENT HAS ONLY TWO FORMAL DUTIES:PRESIDE OVER THE SENATEHELP DECIDE THE QUESTION OF PRESIDENTIAL DISABILITYPRESIDENTIAL DISABILITY IS WHEN THE PRESIDENT IS UNABLE TO CARRY OUT HIS DUTIESTHE ONLY OTHER ASSUMED PURPOSE OF THE VICE PRESIDENT IS TO BE A PRESIDENT IN WAITING.
12 PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION IS THE ORDER IN WHICH INFERIOR OFFICERS CAN BE PROMOTED TO THE OFFICE OF PRESIDENT IN CASE OF A VACANCY. THE CURRENT SYSTEM WAS ESTABLISHED BY THE 25TH AMENDMENT AND CURRENTLY HAS 18 POSITIONS. HERE ARE THE FIRST 10.1VICE PRESIDENT6SECRETARY OF DEFENSE2SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE7ATTORNEY GENERAL3PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE8SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR4SECRETARY OF STATE9SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE5SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY10SECRETARY OF COMMERCE