2 Presidential Roles1. Chief of State: the ceremonial head of the government of the United States.2. Chief Executive: “the executive power of the United States.”3. Chief Administrator: of the Federal Government.4. Chief Diplomat: main architect of American foreign policy and the nation’s chief spokesperson to the rest of the world.
3 Roles Continued 5. Commander in Chief: of the nation’s armed forces. 6. Chief Legislators: main architect of public policies.7. Chief of Party: leader of the political party that controls the executive branch.8. Chief Citizen: “the representative of all the people”.
4 Presidential Powers Executive Powers: Executing Law: enforces, administers, carries out the provisions of federal law.The Ordinance Power: executive order- a directive, rule, or regulation that has the effect of law.The Appointing Power: the President nominates-Senate confirms the heads of all executive departments, and agencies, together with hundreds of other positions within the Federal Government.The Removal Power: Not clearly defined.
5 Diplomatic PowersThe Power to Make Treaties: with Senate approval, generally through the Secretary of State.Executive Agreements: pacts between the President and the heads of foreign states, or their subordinates. (Senate approval not required)The Power of Recognition: the Presidents acting for the United States, acknowledges, the legal existence of that country and its government.
6 Military Powers Making Undeclared War Wartime Powers: powers increase during war; ex: WW II the President could ration food and gasoline, control wages and prices, and seize and operate certain private industries.The War Powers Resolution of 1973
7 The Legislative Powers Power to Recommend LegislationThe Veto Power
8 Judicial PowersReprieve: is the postponement of the execution of a sentence.Pardon: is legal forgiveness of a crime.Commutation: the power to commute (reduce) the length of a sentence or a fine imposed by a court.Amnesty: a general pardon offered to a group of law violators.