Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6 Section 1 page 160. Qualifications for President 1. native born citizen 2. at least 35 years old 3. have been a resident of the U.S. for at."— Presentation transcript:
Qualifications for President 1. native born citizen 2. at least 35 years old 3. have been a resident of the U.S. for at least 14 years.
Terms One term is 4 years Originally the Constitution did not state how many terms a President could be elected George Washington set the limit at 2 terms.
Franklin D. Roosevelt Only President to serve over 2 terms He was elected to 4 terms In 1951 the 22 nd amendment set the limit at 2 terms
MONEY, MONEY, MONEY Annual Salary $400,000 $50,000 non taxable allowance Travel, housing, staff = paid for
Most Presidents have been: Christian White men Lawyers College educated Held major office before
Barack Obama First African American President One of the youngest Presidents
Vice President Serves as President if President dies or is incapable of completing his duties 8 Presidents have dies in office and one resigned. Presides over the Senate, breaks the tie.
Vice President Must meet the same qualifications as the president. Why? $208,000 annual salary $10,000 taxable expense account
Vice President Year ago Vice Presidents were not very involved in policy making Today Vice Presidents represent our country over seas, work closely with the President and give the President advice.
Succession Presidential Succession: Who takes the place of the President if he dies or is unable to remain as President 20 amendment: –Vice President –Speaker of the House –President Pro Tempore –Sec. of State
Review Questions: 1. Who is the Vice President? 2. How old do you have to be to be President? 3. What President served the most terms? How many? 4. What President set the limit at 2 terms?
Review Questions 5. What are some qualities that Presidents share? 6. Who becomes the President after the V.P.? 7. How much does the V.P. make a year?
Balance of Power Although the President has a great amount of power, America did not want another King so the President’s power is balanced with the Legislative Branch and the Judicial Branch
President’s Roles 1. Legislative Leader –Recommends or suggests new laws to Congress. State of the Union Address = speech given each year, usually in January, by the President to Congress outlining what the President wants them to do that session. The President can also veto legislation he does not want to become law.
President’s Roles (cont) 2. Commander in Chief: head of U.S. forces. All military officers answer to the President –President can send troops anywhere in the world, but after 60 days Congress has to approve the troops remaining.
Presidential Roles (cont) 3. Foreign Policy Leader: foreign policy is the governments plan for interacting with other countries of the world.
Terms: 1. Diplomacy: art of interacting with foreign governments. 2. treaties: written agreements with other countries. Must be approved by 2/3 of Senate.
Terms: 3. reprieve: postpones the carrying out of a person’s sentence 4. pardon: forgives a person their crime and eliminates their punishment 5. commutation: reducing a sentence.
Review Questions: 1. What is the name of the speech that the President gives each year about the country? 2. Can the President declare war? 3. What is reducing a sentence? 4. What is the art of interacting with other countries?
Review ??????? 5. What is a reprieve? 6. What are written agreements between countries? 7. What is a pardon?
Executive Office and Cabinet The President has many advisors that inform him about important issues. NSC is the National Security Council White House Office: –Personal and political advisors –Press secretary –Speech writers –Aids
Cabinet There are many cabinet member in the executive branch In 2005 there were 15 cabinet positions Senate must approve all cabinet appointments Title is secretary: like Secretary of State Attorney General: head of Department of Justice
Department of State Foreign Policy is the main purpose of the Department of State Ambassadors- are highest ranking U.S. representatives in foreign countries.
Dep. of State (cont) Embassy: residence of the ambassador and official building of the U.S. in that country Consul: represents the U.S. commercial interests in foreign countries. Consulate: consul’s office
Dep. of State (cont) Passports: formal documents that allow U.S. citizens to travel to other countries Visas: allow foreigners to come into U.S.
Department of Defense Robert Gates: Secretary of Defense
Department of Defense In charge of the nations armed forces Operates hundreds of military bases Secretary of Defense is always a civilian Joint Chiefs of Staff: highest ranking officer in each of the armed forces.
Other Departments Dept. of Homeland Security: Established after Sept. 11, to protect nation against terrorist attacks Dept. of Treasury: managing money, prosecuting counterfeiters and others Dept. of Justice: enforcing laws, prevent and control crime, administer justice fairly
Review ??? 1. Who is the Sec. of Defense? 2. What is the Joint Chiefs of Staff? 3. What do you need to travel out of the U.S.? 4. What does a foreigner need to come to the U.S.?
Review ????? 5. Who is the head of the Dept. of Justice? 6. What is an embassy? 7. What is the job of the Dept. of Homeland Security?