2 Article II U.S. Constitution “The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America.”
3 President’s Powers… Execute (carry out) the laws passed by Congress. Veto (reject) bills passed in CongressServe as commander in chief of the armed forces.Receive leaders and other officials of foreign countries.
4 President’s Powers… Make treaties with other countries. Senate must approve treaties.Appoint heads of executive agencies, federal court judges, ambassadors, and other top government officials.Senate must approve Presidential appointments.
5 President’s Powers…Pardon or reduce the penalties against people convicted of federal crimes.
6 Qualifications At least 35 years old Native-born citizen Resident of US for at least 14 years
8 Chief Executive Carry out the nation’s laws Issue executive orders Regulation from president that has power of law (desegregation of schools)Appoints cabinet members, judges, and other federal officialsSenate must approve.Issues pardons and grant amnesty (forgive)Can issue reprieves and commutations (suspend or reduce)8
9 Party Leader Supports party members in election campaigns Helps unify the party and give it direction9
10 Chief Diplomat Deals with foreign countries Appoints ambassadors Makes treaties (approved by senate)Executive Agreements (not approved by senate) – ex. trade NAFTA10
11 Commander in ChiefPresident has final authority over all military matters.Checks and balances:Congress declares warPresident can order troops into battleWar Powers Act 197311
12 Legislative Leader Introduce/ Propose Laws Calls special sessions of Congress to consider urgent mattersApproves or vetoes legislation12
13 Head of StatePresident serves as a representative or symbol of the whole nation13
14 Economic LeaderPresident deals with economic problems (Unemployment, high taxes, rising prices)Plans the federal budgetCongress must approve14
15 Don’t forget these…State of the Union address –report to congress and the nationPresidential SuccessionWho takes office of president if he dies or must leave (25th Amendment)15
22 3 things you learned about the executive branch Assignment: 321 Closure3 things you learned about the executive branch2 questions you still have about the executive branch1thing you would do immediately if you were president