Presentation on theme: "Causes of the American Revolution"— Presentation transcript:
1 Causes of the American Revolution The Road to Independence
2 Proclamation Line of 1763 - Bellringer 1) The Colonists were still fighting ______.2) King George III of England states the colonists can not pass the ______ Mountains.3) ______ were given the _____ River Valley.4) The Colonists felt ______ about the Proclamation.5) How would you feel if someone gave your property away?
3 “Taxation without Representation” This was a slogan by James Otis used in the 13 colonies from 1763 – 1775The colonists complained that taxes were forced on them without any colonial representation in ParliamentThis violated the rights given to them in the Magna Carta (1215)
4 Reasons for TaxesBritain owed a large debt from the French and Indian WarKeeping troops in the colonies would raise that debt even higherWanted colonies to pay for part of that debt and to help with the cost of defense in the colonies
5 Loyalists vs. Patriots Loyalists A strong unified British Empire is good for allColonists are British subjects and should obey British lawTaxes are due to French & Indian War which was fought to protect coloniesAmerican colonies would be weak without BritainPatriotsPeople have rights government can’t take away, like propertyColonists don’t have voice in Parliament, so they can’t tax coloniesMany colonists fought in the French & Indian War (we’ve done our part)British personnel are causing violence, riots, and death
6 Causes of the American Revolution Sugar Act, 1764Quartering Act, 1765To enforce the Proclamation Line10,000 English soldiers stayed in the coloniesTo save the King money the colonists had to house the soldiers in their homes or pay for them to be housedTo get the colonies to pay for the French and Indian War they used taxationTariffs on sugar, molasses and other products shipped to the colonies“Taxation without Representation is Tyranny” – James Otis
7 Causes of the American Revolution Stamp Act, 1765Every documents had to have a paid royal stampColonists had to pay in silver coins (hard to come by)All ContractsAll DiplomasAll WillsAll NewspapersAll Legal Documents
8 Colonies Responded by… Boycotting -Protesting -Resisting -Publishing -Secret Societies -refused to buy English goods“No Taxation Without Representation”bought goods from smugglers(like John Hancock)political cartoons, letters, pamphlets, poemsgroups like the Sons of Liberty
9 What are they doing? Tar and Feathering Forcing Tea down tax collectors throatCaning (hitting with stick)Who are they?Who do you think created this cartoon?
10 Sons of Liberty Sam Adams - Leader of the Boston Sons of LibertyMany members were lawyers, merchants, and craftspeople – the colonists most affected by the Stamp ActThey staged many protestsNot all were peaceful
11 Causes of the American Revolution Response from the ColonistsTownshend Acts, 1767Boston Massacre, 17701,000 soldiers came to Boston because of the riotsTownsmen and soldiers yelled insults to each otherA fight broke outSoldiers started shooting into the fight5 townsmen died, including Crispus Attucks, first African American to dieSuspended the New York AssemblyTariffs on:GlassPaperPaintLeadTea
12 Boston Massacre, 1770 Colonists started the fight British soldiers were defending themselvesSamuel Adams (leader of The Sons of Liberty) named it the Boston MassacreSoldiers were put on trial for murder of the colonistsJohn Adams (cousin) defended the soldiers and they were set free – Why did he defend them?
13 Boston Massacre, 1770 Identify purpose: Identify Emotion: The cartoon portrays the redcoats as the aggressors and the colonists as innocent unarmed victimsIdentify Emotion:The cartoon portrays the redcoats as violent murderers who do not care about the lives of the colonistsThink Critically:The cartoon does not show what caused the redcoats to begin firing or the actions of the colonists before the firing began
16 What is a boycott?Boycott – The act of not buying a product in order to protest some action of the seller
17 Writs of AssistanceMoney raised from the Townshend Acts was intended to pay the British governors and other officials in the colonies.To enforce the Acts, British officers used Writs of assistance, or search warrants, to enter homes or businesses to search for smuggled goods.King George III
18 Committees of Correspondence Sam Adams urged the colonists to create these committees in 1772Purpose – to stay informed of British actions abroad and continue to spread the seeds of rebellionThese groups exchanged letters on colonial affairsThese groups led to the creation of the 1st Continental Congress
19 Causes of the American Revolution Response from the ColonistsTea Act, 1773Boston Tea Party, 1773Townshend Acts repealed in 1770 except…Kept the tea tax to prove England still had the right to tax the colonistsParliament then formerly gave the British East India Company control of all tea trade in AmericaProtests fueled by the Committees of CorrespondenceSons of Liberty in Boston was most famousDressed as Natives they threw 342 chests of tea into the harborBritish officials wanted the men to be arrested
21 War is CloseAfter Boston Tea Party the Intolerable Acts are passed to punish the Massachusetts ColonyClosed the Boston PortBanned Committees of CorrespondenceAllowed troops to be housed anywhere they wantedAppointed General Gage as governor of MassachusettsAll other colonies offered help to themFirst Continental Congress is held in Philadelphia, PN (1774)Banned all trade with EnglandIntolerable Acts repealed in the coloniesEach colony began training Minutemen, those who are ready at a minutes notice
22 The Shot Heard Around the World Paul Revere road all night to warn Patriots that the British were comingAt Lexington, MA, British soldiers are stopped by militiamen8 militiamen are killed and British soldiers move on to Concord to destroy military supplies4,000 minutemen and militiamen arrive first battle of the Revolutionary WarCould either the Colonists or British soldiers have stopped the war at this point? How or Why?