Presentation on theme: "The Religions of Southern and Eastern Asia"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Religions of Southern and Eastern Asia Buddhism. Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism, and the philosophy of ConfucianismSS7G12 b
2 Lets Review First SS7G12aWhat is the difference between an ethnic group and religious group?Ethnic Groups share common cultural ideas and beliefs and has been a part of their community for generationsReligious Groups share a belief system in a god or gods with specific set of rituals and literature
4 Buddhism Originated in India and spread quickly The 4th largest religion in the worldSiddhartha Gautama became the Buddha or “enlightened one” after spending time pondering the ways of lifeHe traveled all over India to share his newfound enlightenment with others and developed a following devoted to his teachingsBuddhists do not believe in a god, but rather follow the teachings of Buddha
5 Basic Ideas of Buddhism The four Noble Truths are the basic instructions of Buddhism that teach that suffering exists in the world and humans must reach the enlightenment of Buddha to rise above themTripitaka- - Holy Book of Buddha’s teachingsBuddhists do not worship a god but rather Buddha by thanking him for his teachings
6 Basic Ideas of Buddhism Nirvana is the ultimate goal of Buddhists- It is a state of enlightenment where one can have happiness and peace. It is often found through meditationBuddhists believe in reincarnation, a cycle of birth and rebirth, where one’s present life determines what one becomes in the next life
8 HinduismLargely practiced in India where over 80% of Indians claim to be HinduHinduism does not come from the teachings of one man. Hindus believe in many gods and goddesses who are images of a single god.
9 Basic Ideas of Hinduism Each person’s karma, or good or bad behavior, determines his or her position in lifeThe ultimate goal of Hindus is to achieve moksha, which is freedom from the cycle of reincarnation.There is not one text the Hindus consider sacred, rather there are many texts like the Vedas that teach Hindus proper behavior
10 Basic Ideas of Hinduism Hindus live by a caste system that divides people into classes
14 Shintoism A religion unique to Japan Unlike other religions, it has not spread to other parts of the worldBased on a traditional Japanese teaching that everything in nature consists of kami, or the spirit of gods.
15 Basic Ideas of Shintoism Shintoists are expected to be reverent to nature, life, and birthPhysical purity is more important than moral impurityMany Shintoists build shrines and worship their ancestors who they believe became kami when they diedSince Shinto offers no ideas of moral code or one God, many people who practice Shinto also practice another religion such as Buddhism
17 Philosophy of Confucianism Is not a religion but a philosophy that is often said to be the foundation of modern Chinese culture.Confucius- founder of the ideas of ConfucianismHe believed he knew how to bring peace to ancient ChinaHe created a moral structure for social life and politics that every person should followGOLDEN RULEConfucianism is based on tradition and does not teach about one ruling God
18 Basic Ideas of Confucianism Each person has a place in society and they must accept their positions so that society can function wellChina’s rulers are to be respected by the people as long as they are fair and care for the peopleFamily relationships are essential to having a good society and family respect was the foundation of all ethics
19 Basic Ideas of Confucianism There are five basic types of relationships where one must understand their role of being superior or inferior. They are:ruler and subjectfather and sonhusband and wifeolder brother and younger brotherfriend and friend