Presentation on theme: "Religions of Southern and Eastern Asia: Buddhism, Hinduism, Shintoism and Confucianism SS7G12 The student will analyze the diverse cultures of the people."— Presentation transcript:
Religions of Southern and Eastern Asia: Buddhism, Hinduism, Shintoism and Confucianism SS7G12 The student will analyze the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southern and Eastern Asia. b. Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southern and Eastern Asia: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Shintoism, and the philosophy of Confucianism..
“Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in getting up every time we do.” -Confucius
Confucianism Not considered a religion, but a way of life which is based on the teachings of its founder Founded in China Created by Chinese Philosopher Confucius –551-479 BCE –Believed he could bring peace to ancient China His teachings stressed Family Importance –Children should respect their parents –Subjects should respect their ruler –Rulers should treat their subjects fairly
“A person can achieve everything by being simple and humble.” –Rig Veda
Hinduism One of the oldest religions in the world. over 80% of Indians are Hindu Do not following teachings of a man. Believe in many gods who are all images from a single god Brahma –Not Polytheistic
Hinduism Followers of the Hindu religion believe.. –Karma : a positive and negative force caused by a persons actions; determines ones position in life. –Reincarnation- Ultimate goal is to reach moksha (freedom from reincarnation) –No one sacred text. Rather, there are many texts like the Vedas that teach Hindus behavior
Hinduism Hindus also believe in the Caste System –Brahmans (priests) –Kashatriyas (soldiers) –Vaishyas (merchants) –Shudras (laborers)
Buddhism Religion founded in India, based on the teachings of its founder Founded by Siddhartha Gautama (a Hindu) who was searching for enlightenment Became enlightened while sitting under a Bo or Bodhi tree –Named Buddha (means enlightened one)
Buddhism Followers do not believe in a god, but rather the teachings of Buddha –Four Noble Truths and Eight Fold Path –Tripitaka (holy book) –Ultimate goal is to reach Nirvana (Perfect Peace) –Reincarnation- a cycle of birth and rebirth Behavior in present life determines what you will be in next life Worship in Temples called Pagodas.
Our eyes may see some uncleanliness, but let not our mind see things that are not clean. Our ears may hear some uncleanliness, but let not our mind hear things that are not clean. –Shinto Prayer
Shintoism Earliest known religion of Japan Centers around Kami –The spirit of a god Unlike Islam, Buddhism, or Hinduism Shintoism has not spread to other parts of the world. –No rules for moral living –No concepts of a single god
Shintoism Shintoists…. –Reverent to nature, life, birth, and fertility –Physical purity more important than moral purity –Worship their ancestors in Shrines Believe ancestors become Kami Many people who practice Shintoism also practice another religion. Shamans are Shinto Priests who communicate with the spirits A Tori is the gate to all Shinto Shrines