2 Hinduism began in India over 2,000 years ago Hinduism began in India over 2,000 years ago. The goal of a Hindu is for the soul to become one with Brahman. Hinduism focuses on four goals: pleasure, success, dharma, and moksha. Buddhism also began in India. Hindus and Buddhists both believe in reincarnation and karma. However the goal of Buddhism is to achieve enlightenment and reach nirvana. As Buddhism spread, monasteries were built and missionaries traveled throughout Asia.
3 Assignment Create a table on a blank sheet of paper. For each term, allow space to write:Vocabulary TermDefinitionSynonym or ExampleSketch
4 Hinduism Definition: religion of the people of India Developed from Vedic traditionRituals & many gods - PolytheisticSacred scriptures called the VedasCaste systemWhich other ancient civilizations believed in polytheism?
5 Brahman Definition: One supreme God in Hinduism Takes the form of many different gods/goddessesEvery Hindu’s goal is for their soul to become one with BrahmanWhat similarities can you find in these Hindu gods?
6 dharma Definition: Living a moral life Fulfilling the duties assigned to your casteYour dharma depends on your age and caste“Better to do one’s own duty imperfectly than to do another’s well.” Bhagavad GitaWhat duties do you have?As a member of your family?As a student at NHMS?
7 moksha Definition: release from life Soul becomes one with Brahman Live forever in a state of joyHindu’s goal in lifeWhat is one goal you have for your life?
8 reincarnation Definition: rebirth of a soul in a new body May be born into higher or lower caste, or as animal or insectDepends on how you lived your lifeContinues until you reach moksha
9 karmaDefinition: the sum of a person’s actions and consequences, words and thoughtsBad karma = rebirth into lower life formGood karma = rebirth into higher life formHow does the cartoon show karma?
10 BuddhismDefinition: a religion based on the teachings of Siddhartha GautamaSiddhartha was a prince who gave up everything to search for wisdom and truthHe became the BuddhaWhat do you think is more important - wealth or wisdom?
11 enlightenment Definition: the state of perfect wisdom Ends the cycle of reincarnationGoal of BuddhistsBuddha meditated for 49 days to reach enlightenmentDiscuss - what would be difficult about meditating for 49 days?
12 nirvanaDefinition: a state of blissful peace without desire or sufferingBuddhists follow the Eightfold Path to reach nirvanaNo more death and rebirthHow are Buddha’s 8 R’s similar to the 3 R’s at NHMS?
13 missionaryDefinition: a person who goes to another place to teach about his or her religionBuddhist missionaries spread the Buddha’s teachings throughout AsiaWho spread Christianity throughout the Roman Empire? (Hint: His name started as Saul)
14 monastery Definition: the home of a religious community A place for Buddhist monks and nuns to live, meditate, and spread Buddha’s teachingsThink of a building in our culture where anyone can go to read and think quietly…