Presentation on theme: "Shintoism, and the philosophy of Confucianism."— Presentation transcript:
1 Shintoism, and the philosophy of Confucianism. Religions of Southern and Eastern Asia: Buddhism, Hinduism, Shintoism and ConfucianismSS7G12 The student will analyze the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southern and Eastern Asia.b. Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southern and Eastern Asia: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam,Shintoism, and the philosophy of Confucianism..
2 Religious Group: Choose to be in. Believe in the same religious beliefs. Ethnic Group: Share language, race, customs and traditions, common ancestors.
3 ConfucianismNot considered a religion, but a way of life which is based on the teachings of its founderFounded in ChinaCreated by Chinese Philosopher ConfuciusBelieved he could bring peace to ancient ChinaHis teachings stressed Family ImportanceChildren should respect their parentsSubjects should respect their rulerRulers should treat their subjects fairly
4 ConfucianismEach person has a place in society and they must accept their positions so that society can function wellIn his 50s, Confucius wandered from state to state giving unsolicited advice to rulers on how to improve their governing
5 BuddhismReligion founded in India, based on the teachings of its founderFounded by Siddhartha Gautama (a Hindu) who was searching for enlightenmentBecame enlightened while sitting under a Bo or Bodhi treeNamed Buddha (means enlightened one)
6 BuddhismFollowers do not believe in a god, but rather the teachings of BuddhaFour Noble Truths and Eight Fold PathTripitaka (holy book)Ultimate goal is to reach Nirvana (Perfect Peace)Reincarnation- a cycle of birth and rebirthBehavior in present life determines what you will be in next lifeWorship in Temples called Pagodas.
7 Buddhism: Noble Truths There is suffering in the world. To live is to suffer.The cause of suffering is self-centered desire and attachments.The solution is to eliminate desire and attachments.To reach nirvana, one must follow the Eightfold Path.
8 BUDDHISM VOCABULARYSiddhartha Gautama- founder of Buddhism became known as the BuddhaBuddha- Enlightened OneFour Noble Truths- basic teachings of BuddhismNirvana- a state of happiness and peaceEightfold Path- set of guidelines for right living in Buddhism
9 Hinduism One of the oldest religions in the world. over 80% of Indians are HinduDo not following teachings of a man.Believe in many gods who are all images from a single god BrahmaNot Polytheistic
10 Hinduism Followers of the Hindu religion believe.. Karma : a positive and negative force caused by a persons actions; determines ones position in life.Reincarnation- Ultimate goal is to reach moksha (freedom from reincarnation)No one sacred text. Rather, there are many texts like the Vedas that teach Hindus behavior
11 Hinduism Hindus also believe in the Caste System Brahmans (priests) Kashatriyas (soldiers)Vaishyas (merchants)Shudras (laborers)
12 Shintoism Earliest known religion of Japan Centers around Kami The spirit of a godUnlike Islam, Buddhism, or Hinduism Shintoism has not spread to other parts of the world.No rules for moral livingNo concepts of a single god
13 Shintoism Shintoists…. Reverent to nature, life, birth, and fertilityPhysical purity more important than moral purityWorship their ancestors in ShrinesBelieve ancestors become KamiMany people who practice Shintoism also practice another religion.Shamans are Shinto Priests who communicate with the spiritsA Tori is the gate to all Shinto Shrines