2 What is Culture?????Culture is the way of life of a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs.
3 Element 1. Language (Sharing the same Language) Dialects- A local form of a language that may have a distinct vocabulary and pronunciation
4 Element 2. Religion (Answer questions about life’s meaning) Major ReligionsJudaismAbrahamIslamMuhammadHinduismUnknownChristianityJesus ChristBuddhismSiddhartha Gautama
5 Element 3. History (Shapes how a culture views itself and the world) Stories about the challenges and successes of a culture support certain values and develop pride and unity: EX: American History- Independence Day, Thanksgiving, Memorial Day, Labor Day,
6 Element 4. Daily Life (Basic Human Needs) Food, Clothing, Shelter that reflect the culture and the physical surroundings.
7 Element 5. Economy (How people earn a living) Economic System—The method used to answer three questions:1. What goods and services to produce2. How to produce them3. Who will receive them
8 Element 6. The Arts (How people express what they think is meaningful) Through music, painting, sculpture, dance and literature, the arts can tell stories about important figures and events in culture.
9 Element 7. Government (Rules in order to live without together without conflict) Types of Government:Democracy---Power is held by the peopleDictatorship– The leader rules by forceMonarchy----- a government led by a king or queen by a ruling family
10 Element 8. Inventions & Technology (Important advancements) Civilizations—Highly developed culturesCities, forming governments, founding religions , developing writing systemsIndustrial and Agricultural RevolutionAdvances in Communication
11 Cultural Words to Remember Cultural Diffusion—The Process of spreading ideas, languages, or customs from one culture to anotherGlobalization—The development of a worldwide culture with an independent economy