2 Chapter 3 Objectives: After studying this chapter you will be able to: Explain what makes up a people’s cultureDiscuss issues related to human population and its growthIdentify what resources are and explain why countries trade with one anotherDescribe how technology has changed the world.
3 Chapter 3, Section 1 Understanding Culture Culture- the way of life of people who share similar beliefs and customsCulture consists of: social groups, language, religion, daily life, history, arts and type of governmentDifferent governments include: Dictatorships, democracy and monarchy
4 Ethnic Group- a group of people who share a common history, language, religion and some physical characteristics.Dialect- a local form of a language that differs from the same language spoken in other areas
5 2. Cultures do not remain the same, they change over time. Cultural Diffusion- the process of spreading new knowledge and skills to other culturesExample: planting food and learning farming techniques made early people stay in one place
6 Civilizations- highly developed cultures Include: complex governments, religions and systems of writingCulture Regions- different countries that have similar cultures in common.
8 Chapter 3, Section 2 Population Patterns The world’s population is growing.Death rate has gone down (less people are dying) , Birth rate has gone up (more babies are being born)Death Rate- the number of people out of every 1,000 who die in a year.Birth Rate- the number of children born each year for every 1,000 people
9 2. Where people live:Population distribution- population is not spread out evenly. People move to places where important resources are found.Population density- the average number of people living in a square mile.
10 3. More people are moving from villages into cities to find jobs. Urbanization- movement into citiesMovement also occurs between countries when people emigrate, or leave the country where they were born and move to another.Refugees- People who flee to another country to escape persecution or disaster
12 Chapter 3, Section 3 Resources and World Trade Natural resources- products of the earth that people use to meet their needs. Example: wind, water and oil provide energyRenewable resources- cannot be used up, or can be replaced naturally or grown againEx. Wind, sunNonrenewable resources- a limited supply, cannot be replacedEx. Fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas)
13 A country’s economic system sets rules for deciding what goods and services to produce, how to produce them, and how they will receive them.4 types of economies are: Command economies, market economies, traditional economies and mixed economies.
14 2. World Trade- Resources are not distributed evenly around the world. Import- to buy goods from another countryExport- to trade goods to other countries
15 3. Some countries try to manage trade to benefit their own country. Tariff- a tax added to the price of the goods that are importedQuota- a number limit, on how many items of a particular product can be imported from a particular country.Free trade- removes trade barriers so that goods flow freely among countries
16 4. Differences in development Developed countries- a country in which a great deal of manufacturing is carried out.Developing country- a country that is working toward industrialization
17 Read PagesAnswer the questions in complete sentences. 1.Define: Traditional Economy, Market Economy, Mixed Economy and Command Economy 2. What is free enterprise? 3. Why do developing countries want more industry?
18 Chapter 3, Section 4 Our Shrinking World 1. Effects of technology on the worldTransportation technology- today people can travel to far away places much faster and easier than they used to.Communication technology- People can now communicate faster.
19 2. Globalization- the development of a world culture in an interdependent world economy We must be involved citizens and be concerned with public affairs of our communitiesRights- benefits and protections that are guaranteed to you by law.Responsibilities- duties that you owe to other citizens and your government.
20 Interdependence- When countries depend on one another for foods, raw materials to make goods and markets in which to sell their goods.Events around the world have a rippling effect because of interdependence.
21 Chapter 3 Review Write and Answer the questions ! 1. Why are people unevenly distributed around the world?A. People prefer to live in warm areas near the equatorB. People tend to cluster in places that have rich soil, fresh water, and mild climatesC. Mostly people live in regions that have coal and iron ore depositsD. People generally live in cultural regions that value individual achievement
22 2. What kind of government structure does the U.S. have? A. Monarchy B. DemocracyC. Unitary systemD. Capitalist system
23 3. What is our most important renewable energy source? A. Soil B. Fossil fuelsC. CoalD. The Sun
24 4.Which statement explains why water, forests and wild life are renewable resources?A. They can be continually replenished by natureB. They are not replaced by nature after being usedC. They are not being used up as quickly as nonrenewable resources
25 5.All of the following are accurate statements about nonrenewable resources except:A. Nonrenewable resources are minerals formed in the earths crust by geologic forces over millions of years agoB. Non renewable resources can be replaced when they are usedC. Supplies of nonrenewable resources vary greatlyD. Coal, oil and natural gas are among the most important nonrenewable mineral resources
26 6.People who flee to another country to escape persecution or disaster are calledA. ImmigrantsB. RefugeesC. TravelersD. Nomads
27 7.Three major components of culture are language, religion and __________.A. AnimalsB. Daily lifeC. RulersD. Where the county is located
28 8. Two examples of renewable resources are A. Oil and coal B. Soil and waterC. Natural gas and uraniumD. Aluminum and copper
29 9.Which of the following is not an accurate statement about traditional economies?A. They are most common in rural parts of less developed nationsB. They generally produce little surplus goodsC. Decisions on what to charge for goods are made by the local governmentD. Most goods produced are consumed by the people who produce them and are within a small geographic area
30 10. Our “shrinking” earth refers to: A. The planet getting smaller B. The increase in technologyC. The population getting largerD. People living in smaller houses than before