3 Contains a subject and a predicate A SentenceContains a subject and a predicateCan stand alone as a grammatical unitAlso called an INDEPENDENT CLAUSEThe boy drove to the store.
4 Tells who or what the sentence is about SubjectTells who or what the sentence is aboutConsists of the simple subject and all of its modifiers.The boy drove to the store.
5 The part of the sentence performed by or describes the subject. PredicateThe part of the sentence performed by or describes the subject.Consists of the verb and all of its modifiers, objects, and complements.The boy drove to the store.
6 A noun or pronoun completing or receiving the action. Simple SubjectA noun or pronoun completing or receiving the action.The boy drove to the store.
7 Only the verb completed by the simple subject Simple PredicateOnly the verb completed by the simple subjectThe boy drove to the store.
8 Another word for COMPLETE SENTENCE Consists of a SUBJECT and PREDICATE Independent ClauseAnother word for COMPLETE SENTENCEConsists of a SUBJECT and PREDICATEContains a complete thoughtThe boy drove to the store.
9 Dependent (Subordinate) Clause A group of words that contains a subject and a predicate, but cannot stand alone.It does not make sense on its own.Whenever he drove the car
10 PhraseA group of words that lacks a subject, a predicate or both.Screaming like a banshee – missing a subjectThe tallest man – missing a predicateAfter midnight – missing both
11 FragmentA sentence that lacks a subject, a predicate or both and is punctuated at its end.Screaming like a banshee. – missing a subjectThe tallest man. – missing a predicateAfter midnight. – missing both
12 AppositiveA noun or noun phrase that describes a nearby noun or pronoun.Set off by commas.Mark, the smartest kid in the class, attended Harvard after high school.The smartest kid in the class, Mark, attended Harvard after high school.The only student to attend Harvard was Mark, the smartest kid in the class.
13 Simple Sentence Consists of ONE INDEPENDENT CLAUSE Can have phrases The boy drove to the store.The woman walked along the beach.Over the rainbow and through the woods to grandmother’s house we go.
14 Coordinating Conjunction Coordinating conjunctions joinsingle wordsgroups of wordsalways join similar elementssubject+subjectverb phrase+verb phrasesentence+sentence.When a coordinating conjunction is used to join elements, the element becomes a compound element.FANBOYS – For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So
15 Subordinating Conjunction The largest class of conjunctionsConnect subordinate clauses to a main clause.These conjunctions are adverbs used as conjunctions.After, how, till, although, if, unless, as, inasmuch, until,as if, in order, when, as long as, lest, whenever,as much as, now that, where, as soon as, wherever,as though, since, while, because, so that, before, than,even if, that, even though, though
16 Correlative Conjunction Correlative conjunctions also connect sentence elements of the same kind (like Coordinating Conjunctions)Unlike coordinating conjunctions, correlative conjunctions are always used in pairs.both...andnot only...but alsoeither...orneither...norwhether...or
17 Compound Sentence Contains MORE THAN ONE INDEPENDENT CLAUSE Contains NO DEPENDENT (SUBORDINATE) CLAUSESMay be linked together withA SEMI-COLON ;A FANBOYS Coordinating ConjunctionFOR, AND, NOR, BUT, OR, YET, SOThe boy drove to the store, and his brother stayed at home.The woman walked along the beach, but Lilly drove her dune buggy.She always completes her homework, so she always gets the highest grades in class.
18 Complex SentenceContains an INDEPENDENT CLAUSE and one or more DEPENDENT (SUBORDINATE) CLAUSESCan occur in the following order:IND CLAUSE then DEP CLAUSEOrDEP CLAUSE then IND CLAUSEJoined together by either a COORDINATING CONJUNCTION, SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION or CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTION
19 Complex Sentence Continued Dependent (Sub) Clause first = USE COMMAIndependent Clause first = NO COMMAAfter the boy drove to the store, he watched the football game.The boy watched the football game after he drove to the store.Whenever the woman walked along beach, her dog would bark uncontrollably.Her dog would bark uncontrollably whenever the woman walked along the beach.