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Deviance and Social Behavior

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1 Deviance and Social Behavior
Chapter 7 Sociology

2 Objectives Define deviance
Define social control and identify the major types of social control Discuss the positive and negative consequences of deviance Differentiate the major functional theories of deviance Compare and contrast cultural transmission theory and labeling theory Discuss the conflict theory view of deviance Describe four approaches to crime control

3 What is Deviance? Behavior that departs from societal or group norms
Deviance varies from group to group, but in the US, deviance usually lands you in prison

4 Types of Deviance Positive- over do it in order to fit in with norm
Anorexia Negative- do not try to fit in with norm obese

5 So what do we do with deviant people?
We encourage people to follow the norms using “social control” Internal- you do something because you know it is the right thing to do External- you do something based on the reward or choose not to do something based on the punishment (social sanctions)

6 Should we have a national registry?
Information on everyone who lives or visits the US Retinal scan Digital voice recording DNA sample Fingerprints Social security number

7 How would this information be used?
Issue one card for driver’s license, voter registration, concealed carry license, and any government benefits Reduce welfare fraud, crime, monitor movement of criminals/missing people Do you think this is a good/bad idea? Explain.

8 Murder Among the Cheyenne
Read the selection on page 208 and answer the Thinking it Over question

9 Positive and Negative Consequences of Deviance

10 Positive Deviance clarifies norms
Parents may lose their children if they do not properly care for them Use deviance as a temporary outlet for stress Teens wear clothes, listen to music to rebel from authority Deviance increases unity within a group Spies being caught increase our patriotism Deviance promotes needed social change Women suffrage and prison conditions

11 Negative Deviance breeds distrust
Society cannot run smoothly Deviance stimulates others to become deviant Deviance is expensive Resources and money

12 Role Play Act out your situation and the class will decide if this is positive or negative deviance.

13 Theories on Deviance

14 Strain Theory Deviance is more likely to occur when a gap exists between cultural goals and the ability to achieve these goals by legitimate means

15 How do people respond to strain?
Accept the goal and accept the hard work to achieve goal- CONFORMITY Accept the goal and reject the hard work to achieve it- INNOVATION Reject the goal and accepts the hard work (Acts as if they want to succeed, but lack effort) RITUALISM Reject the goal and the work needed (drops out of race for success)- RETREATISM Reject the goal and the work needed (new way to achieve goal)- REBELLION

16 Control Theory Compliance with social norms requires strong bonds between individuals and society

17 What types of social bonds?
Attachment- the stronger your attachment to groups, the more likely you are to conform Commitment- greater your commitment to social goals, the more likely you are to conform Involvement- value others opinions and are more likely to conform Belief- strong belief in society’s values makes people not want to be deviant

18 Cultural Transmission Theories
Strain and Control Theories are types of cultural transmission because the goals are being sent from the culture. Each group will have different goals and achievements that are being sought.

19 Is Teen Smoking a Deviant Behavior?
Read pg. 213 and answer the Doing Sociology questions.

20 Labeling Theory Society creates deviants by identifying them as “deviant” Self-fulfilling prophecy (tell yourself you are a certain way, you will believe it) Being deviant can be occasional (primary) or often (secondary) Being called “Deviant” creates a negative stigma for that person

21 Conflict Theory

22 The Rich and Powerful Decide
People who challenge industrial society are considered deviant because they challenge the economic, social, and political basis of society Industrial society needs workers, so those that refuse to work are considered deviant Those who threaten private property are targets for punishment Society needs respect, so those who are not respectful are deviant Certain activities fit well with industrial society and are encouraged. Those who do not participate are deviant

23 Which do you believe? Cultural Transmission Conflict

24 Four Approaches to Crime Control
Rehabilitation- changing or reforming a criminal through socialization Deterrence- discourage criminal acts by threatening punishment Retribution- punishment intended to make criminals pay compensation for their acts Incarceration- protecting society from criminals by keeping them in prison


26 Death Penalty Has research supported the position that the death penalty deters crime? Use your textbook, page 229 to answer the question Then complete #3 Project/Activity on page 235.

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