Presentation on theme: "Functionalist perspective / Strain Theory Natural out growth of the values, norms and structure of society Americans place a high value on certain goals."— Presentation transcript:
Functionalist perspective / Strain Theory Natural out growth of the values, norms and structure of society Americans place a high value on certain goals such as economic success However not everyone in society has access to achieve these goals Nevertheless, they are expected to meet this goal, and society judges them according to how well they do.
Functionalist perspective Strain theory: natural out growth of society Anomie: unclear or unacceptable goals. Conformity ( accept goals and norms ) Innovation ( accept goals reject norms ) Ritualism ( reject goals and except norms ) Retreatism ( reject goals and norms ) Rebellion ( reject and replace goals and norms
Assignment Using the text pp. 180-81 Summarize each of the explanations given with how people respond to achieve the goals of society( keep these as your notes ) Then working with a classmate identify examples of life styles or situations that would support each Merton’s Structural Strain theory.
Conflict perspective Competition and inequality lead to deviance. Social life is a struggle between those who poses power (ruling class) and those who do not (lower class) Lower classes turn to deviance to obtain economic rewards or low self esteem. Law enforcement efforts directed towards poor communities
Interactionist perspective Control theory: Views deviance as a natural occurrence. Interested in why people conform rather than the causes of deviant behavior. They have strong social bonds with parents, teachers, and friends who accept the norms of society : moral code, traditional values, not involved in deviant behavior, community ties
Interactionist theories Cultural transmission: deviance is a learned behavior Differential association: “you are who you hang with” if your close with deviant individuals you are more likely to act deviant.
Labeling theory: Primary deviance- nonconformity that goes undetected/occasional deviant act/do not admit or see themselves as being deviant Secondary deviance- society has labeled as deviant. Degradation ceremony- public trail/found guilty/jail/convict/parole/restricts deviants options / results in a life of crime