3 Why do we have governments? All countries require governments to function.Governments provide laws, structure, public services, and national defense.There are different types of governments:democraciesrepublicsmonarchiesdictatorships
5 Power to one: Autocracy The power of the government is in the hands of a single person. The citizens have no voting rights.One of the oldest forms of Governments.One of the most common forms of government.Power to one: Autocracy
6 Autocratic rulers have the power of the government handed down to them through the family ( monarch) orthey have taken over a government by force. (dictator).Autocracy- the rulers
7 “As long as you live under my ocean, You will obey my rules!” Who has the power?One person has power.Citizen has a limited, if any, role in the Government.“As long as you live under my ocean, You will obey my rules!”
9 Forms of Autocratic Governments: Absolute or Totalitarian Dictatorship Ideas of a single leader glorifiedGovernment tries to control all aspects of social and economic life.People lack the power to limit their rulers.Government is not responsible to the people.Forms of Autocratic Governments: Absolute or Totalitarian Dictatorship
10 Forms of Autocratic Governments: Absolute Monarchy King, queen, or emperor exercises the supreme powers of government/unlimited power.Position is usually inherited.People lack the power to limit their rulers.Absolute monarchs are rare today but form the 1400s to the 1700s they ruled most of Western Europe.Forms of Autocratic Governments: Absolute Monarchy
11 What role do you think citizens have in an autocracy? High Participation Low to No ParticipationCitizen Participation
12 Power to the Few: Oligarchy Government by few.Citizens have no voting rights. The power of the government is in the hands of a few persons or a small group who have the combined power of a dictator.Power to the Few: Oligarchy
13 Power to the few: Oligarchy Sometimes a small group exercises control, especially for corrupt and selfish purposes.The citizens have a very limited role.The group gains power by either the military, society, wealth, religion, or a combination.Political opposition is usually suppressed and sometimes violent.Power to the few: Oligarchy3:05
14 Describe the picture above. What does the hand symbolize? What do the people symbolize? What government does thisPicture represent?
15 Power to all: Democracy The voting citizens have the power. Citizens are involved in decision making through their representatives, lobbying and voting.
17 2 forms of Democratic government: Parliamentary DemocracyPresidential Democracy
18 Parliamentary Democracy Citizens elect legislature, legislature selects the leaderExample: United Kingdom, Germany
19 Presidential Democracy A system of government in which the executive branch (president) exists separately from the legislatureCitizens vote for leaderExample: Russia, USPresidential DemocracySeparate from each other
21 Bicameral legislatures A bicameral legislature means that the part of government that makes the laws is made of two parts.This is found in Russia, USA, Germany, and the United Kingdom.In Germany the two houses are called the Bundesrat and the Bundestag. The Bundestag has the most power. Russia has a Federal Assembly made up of the State Duma and the Federation Council.The UK’s parliament is made up of the House of Lords and the House of Commons.What is it called in the US?
22 Power is shared by a powerful central government and the state or local governments. States or provinces are given considerable self rule, usually through their own legislatures.Examples:United StatesRussiaGermanyFederation
23 Sharing is caring!Who has the power? Federal is shared!
28 A system in which power is shared by an alliance or union of political organizations Independent states voluntarily work together for some common purpose and agree to certain limits on their freedom of action as a confederation.Examples:European UnionSwitzerlandConfederation
29 We have the POWER!State and local governments have all the power!
31 Similarities between the two AutocracyOligarchySometimes claim they rule for the people.In reality, the people have very little say in both types of government.Examples:Holds and election for one candidate or control the results.If there is a national assemble or legislature, they have to approve the decisions.Sometimes claim they rule for the people.In reality, the people have very little say in both types of government.Examples:Holds and election for one candidate or control the results.If there is a national assemble or legislature, they have to approve the decisions.
32 Who has the power in an autocratic government Who has the power in an autocratic government? How is this different from the US? Who holds the power in an oligarchic government? What are the two types of democracy? How much of a voice do you have in the government here?