2 The Way Governments Distribute Power UnitaryConfederationFederalInsert a map of your country.
3 UnitaryA form of government where the power is held by one central authority; smaller regional authorities exist, but only get power from the central govtExamples:United Kingdom’s ParliamentDictatorsInsert a picture of one of the geographic features of your country.
4 Government Illustrations Authority is a synonym for governmentAuthority = GovernmentWhen you see an ARROW, that represents enforcing POWERPOWER
5 Strong Central Authority UnitaryWeaker regional auth.Weaker regional auth.Strong Central AuthorityWeaker regional auth.Weaker regional auth.
6 ConfederationA form of government where the power is held by independent countries who share a weak central governmentWhen independent countries agree to work together to secure a common purposeThey limit some of their freedoms to compromise and work togetherExample: European UnionInsert a picture illustrating a season in your country.
7 Confederation Weak Central Authority Powerful Powerful independent countryPowerfulindependentcountryWeakCentral AuthorityPowerfulindependentcountryPowerfulindependentcountry
8 FederalA form of government where power is divided equally between one central and several regional authoritiesExample: The U.S.A. is divided into the national government and the state governmentsInsert a picture of an animal and or plant found in your country.
9 Federal Central Authority Equally powerful Equally powerful regional auth.Equally powerfulregional auth.Central AuthorityEqually powerfulregional auth.Equally powerfulregional auth.
10 How Gov’ts Determine Citizen Participation Autocracy/autocraticOligarchy/oligarchicDemocracy/democraticAdd key points in the history of your country to the timeline.
11 Citizen A legal member of a country Some ways to become a citizen Born in that countryBecome a citizen by taking a testMarried to a citizenParents are citizensAdd key points in the history of your country to the timeline.
12 Autocratic Gov’t Citizen Participation AUTOCRACY One person possesses unlimited power (not voted into power)Citizen has little, if any, role in the gov’tExample: dictators & absolute monarchiesCastro in CubaAbsolute monarchies (how Kings/Queens used to be)Soviet UnionInsert a picture illustrating a custom or tradition here.
14 Oligarchic Gov’t Citizen Participation OLIGARCHY Gov’t by the few (a group)Sometimes a gov’t in which a small group exercises control, especially for corrupt and selfish purposesCitizen has very limited roleInsert a picture of the head leader of your country.
16 Democratic Gov’t Citizen Participation DEMOCRACY Gov’t where people (citizens) have the powerCitizens usally participate in free elections to choose their gov’t representation (REPUBLIC)BrainPopInsert a picture that illustrates some part of your country’s economy.
18 Two main forms of Democratic Gov’ts ParliamentaryPresidential
19 Legislature Lawmakers Examples Congress (in USA) Parliament (in many countries)Bundestag (in Germany)
20 ParliamentaryA system of gov’t where executive power is held by members of legislatureLeader of the govt is PART of the legislatureUsually has a prime minister elected by the legislatureInsert a picture of one of the points of interest for your country.
22 Constitutional Monarchy (add this to your graphic organizer) Has a king/queen, but their power is limited by the constitutionThe king/queen has only ceremonial power.The real power is with the Parliament (legislature & Prime Minister)EXAMPLES:United KingdomCanadaAustraliaInsert a picture of one of the points of interest for your country.
23 PresidentialA system where the executive (president) is independent of the legislaturePresident doesn’t make laws, but can encourage legislature to create certain laws