Presentation on theme: "Review for Test on Progressives HW: Study – Essay on Friday Multiple Choice on Monday."— Presentation transcript:
Review for Test on Progressives HW: Study – Essay on Friday Multiple Choice on Monday
Goal of the Progressives Strong government could correct abuses and protect rights of the people.
Muckraker Journalists who exposed the problems in society as a result of industrialization.
Muckrakers Ida Tarbell “History of Standard Oil” Ruthless business practices of Standard Oil Lincoln Steffens “The Shame of the Cities” Urban political corruption Jacob Riis “How the Other Half Lives” Life in New York’s tenements Upton Sinclair “The Jungle” Dangerous conditions in meatpacking industry
Identify: William “Boss” Tweed – corrupt political boss – Tammany Hall – stole millions from NY Thomas Nast – cartoonist – drew Tweed Wilson, Roosevelt, and Taft – Progressive Presidents Carrie Nation – leader in Prohibition
Identify: Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony – suffragists – fought for women’s right to vote. W.E.B. DuBois – fought for equality among African Americans, NAACP – fight actively Booker T. Washington – fought for equality among African Americans, Tuskegee University. Learn a trade work way up to gain economic equality.
Define: Initiative: People could suggest legislation Referendum: People would vote on legislation Recall: People could have leaders removed from office Direct Primary - allows voters, rather than party leaders, to select candidates to run for office. Suffragists – campaign for the right to vote
Identify: 17 th Amendment – Direct election of senators 19 th Amendment – Women’s right to vote
Good vs. Bad Trusts Bad trusts hurt the consumer Bad trusts do not allow for competition
Describe: Pennsylvania Coal Strike: Ask for better pay in Pennsylvania Schools and hospitals run out of coal for heat Owners refuse to negotiate with the miners union Roosevelt threatens to send troops to open the mines.
Northern Securities Company Suit brought against big business Roosevelt continued to fight businesses that were hurting the consumers
Interstate Commerce Act Set up to stop railroad abuses such as pools and rebates.
Federal Trade Commission investigate companies to stop using unfair business practices.
Essay Reasons for Reform 1) Monopolies restricted competition 2) Labor unrest 3) Unhealthy and unsafe living and working conditions 4) Large numbers of “new Immigrants” crowding the cities 5) Urban poverty, crime, congestion, and poor sanitation 6) Political corruption at all levels of government
Who were the Progressives? Americans who wanted to deal with the problems. Many different movements Goals: Abuses of power by government and business could be stopped. Strong government could correct abuses and protect rights of the people.
Cities and Settlement Houses An attempt to end the poverty, crowding and disease in American cities. Important info to include: Jacob Riis Settlement house Hull House Jane Addams
Temperance and Prohibition Temperance -Opposed the use of alcoholic beverages, began in 1820s Prohibition – outlawing the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages. Important info to include: Women’s Christian Temperance Union Carrie A. Nation 18 th Amendment
Women’s Rights Suffrage for women was the main goal of the feminist movement in the Progressive Era. They felt they could correct various social problems. Important info to include: Elizabeth Cady Stanton Susan B. Anthony Seneca Falls Convention Declaration of Sentiments 19 th Amendment
Rights of African Americans Decades after Civil War were difficult times for African Americans. Laws prevented them from exercising their rights - Jim Crow laws. Booker T. Washington – urged African Americans to learn a vocation to establish themselves economically. W.E.B. DuBois – rejected accommodation – African Americans should protest unfair treatment.
Progressivism at State levels State- progressives wanted to limit the power of boss-controlled political machines. Secret ballot Initiative Referendum Recall Direct primary
Progressivism at National Level Roosevelt, Taft and Wilson – progressive presidents Roosevelt – Pure Food and Drug Act Meat Inspection Act Square Deal – business regulation, labor conditions, and conservation Trustbuster – Northern Securities Case Strengthen ICC l- Hepburn Act – set railroad rates Labor – Coal Strike Conservation
Taft Standard Oil Company – the monopoly had to be dissolved. Mann –Elkins Act – ICC power to regulate telephone and telegraph 16 th Amendment – graduated income tax Payne Aldrich Act – set higher tariff rates
Wilson New Freedom Lowered tariff Federal Reserve Board – regulate money supply Federal Trade Commission 19 th amendment