2 PROGRESSIVE ERAmovement to solve problems created by the industrial revolutionperiod of social reform and political activismoccurred in all aspects of society, but mainly affected those living in urban areas and immigrant workers
3 Progressive Reforms to stop corruption better working conditions create labor unionswomen’s rightsend trusts and monopoliespolitical reforms:16th Amendment – income tax17th Amendment – People can elect senators18th Amendment – Prohibition
4 Muckrakersjournalists that exposed corruption through investigative writing
5 Muckrakers Upton Sinclair Ida Tarbell Exposed the meat packing industry with his book “The Jungle” and it lead to the Pure Food and Drug ActExposed the Standard Oil Company and its monopoly
6 MuckrakersJacob Riis – Wrote about life in the slums through the book “How the Other Half Lives”Lincoln Steffans – wrote “The Shame of the Cities” exposing city government corruption
7 Voter Reform Election reforms by William S. U’Ren The Secret Ballot – could vote in secret without pressureInitiative – Put issues on a ballot voteRecall – Grant voters the option to move elected officialsDirect Primary – Voters choose candidates for officeThis helped American’s feel safe when voting and that they could trust who they elected
8 Progressive Era“Progressives wanted state and local government to be more responsive to citizens and eliminate influence of big business”What is this quote saying?Strategies used by progressives include:-Government regulation, minimum wage change, amendments on the Constitution, and community involvement.
9 Created Hull House in Chicago which was a settlement house that benefited immigrants. They could learn English, receive medical attention, and involve themselves in the community.Settlement housing also helped children get an education instead of working long hours.Jane Addams
11 Two Shifts Rural to Urban Agriculture to Manufacturing People flocked to cities for jobs and better wages.People quickly discovered they had few rights, low wages, long hours, and unsafe working conditions.
12 Upton Sinclair Political – Passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act Social - Exposed unsafe working conditions and led to labor unionsEconomic - Led to people not wanting to eat meat due to the unsanitary conditions
13 He exposed the long hours, unsanitary conditions of the workers, spoiled meat, mysterious items in the sausages, dangerous conditions, etc.What would Upton Sinclair expose today?
14 The platform of the 1912 Progressive Party The platform of the 1912 Progressive Party. The Progressive Party held its own nominating convention in Chicago that August. As expected, the delegates chose former president Theodore Roosevelt to be their candidate for president. Hiram Johnson was picked to be his running mate. Roosevelt's remark to the press that he felt "as fit as a bull moose" gave the party its enduring nickname. The Progressives' platform lacked a strong anti-trust, or anti-monopoly, plank. But it backed the creation of an income tax, and it supported women's suffrage. The Progressives also supported the citizens' right to be involved in the legislative process through initiatives and referendums. They wanted the right to recall elected officials, and to elect senators and party candidates directly. They also endorsed various social welfare and labor reforms. These included prohibitions against child labor, minimum safety and occupational standards, and minimum wages for women. Also endorsed were the 8-hour day for women and youths, and the 6-day maximum work week. In the election, Woodrow Wilson beat Roosevelt with 6.3 million to 4.1 million votes.
15 Presidential Election of 1912 Running for President in 1912 was Woodrow Wilson, Theodore Roosevelt, and William H. TaftRoosevelt and Johnson were the progressive candidatesReforms: Income Tax creation, women’s suffrage, election reforms, labor reformsWhat “PEOPLE” did the progressive party want to make a contract with?working class peopleWho won the election? Wilson