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The Progressive Movement

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Presentation on theme: "The Progressive Movement"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Progressive Movement
Big Idea: The Progressive Era ( ) was a period of great reform movements including: Political reforms at the local, state, and federal levels Social Welfare reforms Economic reforms, and the beginning of business regulation

2 The Progressive Movement
Who- Middle-Upper Class Reformers What they wanted- Progress/Change-deal w/problems caused by industrialization When- 1880’s-1920’s Muckrakers- Journalists who exposed problems

3 The Progressive Movement Consumer Protection


5 Upton Sinclair’s work led to the passage of the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act


7 Jacob Riis Journalist/Photographer






13 Helping the Poor Settlement Houses helped immigrants and poor w/education Jane Addams established one of these in Chicago called Hull House

14 Helping the Poor

15 Thomas Nast Political Cartoonist who exposed political corruption



18 Populists Influence Progressives
After the Civil War in 1865, Farmers in the West struggled greatly to make profits and pay off their debts Farmers struggled because of a drop in price of farm products: ~Deflating money supply (less amount of money in circulation) with the governments acceptance of the Gold Standard ~Industrialization created new technology that increased farm production and increased competition from around the World

19 Populist Party Demands
“Free Coinage of Silver” – Inflate the money supply in order to inflate Farm product prices Wanted Government Regulation of the monopolistic railroad companies – Railroads were charging very high rates to transport farmers goods Called for Progressive Income Tax and an 8 Hour workday to get support from urban workers

20 Government Begins to Regulate Big Business “Standard Oil Trust depicted as an aggressive octopus grabbing everything it can”

21 Government Begins to Regulate Big Business
Sherman Anti-Trust Act/Clayton Anti-Trust Act- Attempted to regulate/control monopolies/trusts Interstate Commerce Commission- Government regulate/control shipping of goods Federal Trade Commission- Stops unfair business practices

22 Government Begins to Regulate Big Business
Federal Reserve Banking System “The Fed”- Controls amount of $$$ banks can loan and interest rates on loans. The Fed will lower interest rates to get people to take out loans-mainly on homes. Meant to stimulate the economy.

23 Progressive Presidents
Teddy Roosevelt( ) becomes the first progressive president. His domestic policies were called the Square Deal - all citizens should be treated fairly by government and business. (consumer protection!)

24 Progressive Presidents
TR wanted monopolies controlled. Became known as the “Trustbuster”

25 Progressive Presidents
TR was a conservationist-today we would say environmentalist He began the National Parks Service

26 Progressive Presidents
TR began the Progressive/Bull Moose Party for the 1912 Presidential Election He ran against his successor-William Howard Taft and the eventual winner Woodrow Wilson


28 Progressive Presidents
William Howard Taft-( ) would actually break up more trusts than Roosevelt but never got the credit. One of these was the Standard Oil Company-Rockefeller’s



31 Progressive Presidents
Woodrow Wilson

32 16th Amendment (1913) Progressive Federal Income Tax “The More you make the more you pay”

33 More Participation in Government
17th Amendment (1913) - Citizens directly vote for US Senators-originally voted by State Legislature Referendum-citizens vote on laws Initiative-citizens propose laws Secret Ballot- less intimidation Robert LaFollette - Progressive Wisconsin Governor

34 18th Amendment (1919) “Prohibition of Alcohol”
1920 1933

35 19th Amendment - (1920) Women’s Suffrage
Carrie Chapman Alice Paul

36 Women’s Rights Margaret Sanger
Planned Parenthood

37 African American Rights 1896 - Plessy v
African American Rights Plessy v. Ferguson “Separate But Equal is legal” Booker T. Washington W.E.B. DuBois Learn a skill/vocation, make money-Tuskegee Institute Fight for civil rights through Political means, one of founders of NAACP-1903

38 Key Terms and People Populism, William Jennings Bryan, Inflation, Free Coinage of Silver, Boss Tweed, Tammany Hall, Thomas Nast, Jacob Riis, Upton Sinclair, Jane Addams, Muckrakers, Meat Inspection Act, Pure Food and Drug Act, Sherman/Clayton Anti-Trust Act, FTC, ICC, The Federal Reserve System, Roosevelt, Taft, Wilson, Lafollete, Carrie Chapman Catt, Alice Paul, Settlement Houses, suffrage, Graduated Income Tax, Square Deal, Temperance Movement, Prohibition, Plessy vs. Ferguson, Conservationism, WEB Dubois, Booker T. Washington, NAACP

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