Presentation on theme: "OBJECTIVES Summarize the life of Jesus."— Presentation transcript:
1 OBJECTIVESSummarize the life of Jesus.Trace the spread of Christianity in the Roman Empire.Analyze Christianity’s appeal.
2 The Life and Teaching of Jesus Romans take control of ______ in 63 B.C.Judea becomes part of the Roman Empire in 6 A.D.A _________ will come to restore theland of the ________.
3 Jesus of Nazareth Born ________________. Born ___________________. Raised in ________________.Baptized by _______________.Occupation: CarpenterBegan preaching at the age of 30Stressed love, (God, neighbors, enemies)Eternal kingdom for those who repent
4 A GROWING MOVEMENT Main source about his life came from Gospels First _ books of the New TestamentSome are written by Jesus’ _________12 men later called ___________Became popular__________________________________; appealed to the poor
5 Jesus’ Death Rulers where concerned, both Jewish and Roman leaders In ____________, people greeted him as a savior and messiah, or king.Jewish priests disagreed_____________________, Roman leader, accused Jesus of breaking Roman lawSentenced to _______________Nailed to a wooden cross
6 Jesus’ Death cont… Jesus died on the cross Body was gone three days laterBecause he was believed to be the messiah or “savior”, he was called Jesus Christ
7 Christianity Spreads Through the Empire Disciples carried on _____________.Did not contract Jewish lawFirst followers were _________.New religion began___________________ spread throughout the empire.
8 What did Jesus Teach? Forgiveness _______________ Turn the other cheek Do you know anymore of the teachings of Jesus?Name them…..
9 Paul’s Mission Paul Never met Jesus Enemy of Christianity Had a vision of JesusSpent the rest of his life spreading Jesus’ message
10 Paul’s Mission Cont. Christianity spread ____________ made the spread ideas easyCommon language - LatinPaul wrote letters, _______________Stressed that Jesus was the _________ who died for people’s sinsChristianity welcomes converts Jew of Gentile
11 Jewish Rebellion Jewish rebellion in ___ A.D. against Rome Temple destroyed by Romans in ____ A.D.Only western portion remainsJewish fortress, Masada, held until A.D. 73, half million deadTried again in A.D. 132, half million diedDiaspora - __________ _________________
12 Persecution of Christians Crucified, exiled, imprisoned, executedSent to the gladiator gamesLooked at as martyrsWilling to sacrifice their lives for their beliefUsed as
13 A World ReligionChristianity was growing rapidly throughout the Roman Empire and beyondWhy?1.2. Gives hope to the powerless3. Appealed to those who were repelled by theextravagances of imperial Rome4. Offered personal relationship with a lovingGod5.
14 Constantine Accepts Christianity Fighting 3 rivals of the RomeBattle was at the Tiber RiverPrayed for divine helpSaw the image of a crossPut the cross on the shields of his soldiers
15 Constantine Accepts Christianity cont. Constantine made Christianity an accepted religion of the empireEmperor Theodosius made it the official religion of the empire.
16 Early Christian Church Priest led small groups of ChristiansBishop supervises local churchesPeterBecame firstApostle“rock” on which the Christian Church will be built
17 A Single VoiceMany disputed the beliefs that developed amongst believersBecame intenseChurch officials tried to set the standards of beliefCombine the Old Testament (Jewish Torah) + New Testament (Story of Jesus)= The Holy BibleMet and created the Nicene Creed- define the basic beliefs of all Christians“I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, maker of Heaven and Earth……
18 The Fathers of the Church Early writers who also defined the teachingsAugustineBishop from N. AfricaHumans need the grace of GodCan not get God’s grace without being a member of the ChurchWrote ______________________