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Speak about… Understand the information… Explain the problem… Find necessary information…

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Presentation on theme: "Speak about… Understand the information… Explain the problem… Find necessary information…"— Presentation transcript:

1 Speak about… Understand the information… Explain the problem… Find necessary information…


3 the smallest continent the largest island the Pacific Ocean the Indian Ocean


5 The flag of Australia. The Australian flag is the only one to fiy over the whole continent. The small Union Jack represents the historical link with Britain, the large seven- pointed star represents the six states and the territories, and the small stars form the Southern Cross - a prominent feature of the southern hemisphere night sky.

6 Australia’s coat of arms. Australia’s coat of arms- the official emblem of the Australian Government- was granted by king George V in 1912. The arms consists of a shield containing the badges of the six states. The supporters are native Australian fauna - a Kangaroo and an emu. A yellow-flowered native plant, wattle, also appears in the design.

7 The Commonwealth of AUSTRALIA

8 The Commonwealth of Australia is a federal state within the Commonwealth. Its territories are the continent of Australia, the island of Tasmania and a number of smaller islands. It has an area of about 8 million square kilometres.

9 Geographical Position The country is situated in the south – west of the Pacific Ocean, occupaying the continent of Australia and a great number of islands. Tasmania is the most important of them.

10 The Territory Australia is a continent-island washed by the Indian and the Pacific Oceans. The area of this country has 7000000 square kilometers. Australia is the largest island in the world and the smallest continent.

11 It is the world’s largest island and its smallest continent.

12 History of Australia The east coast of Australia was discovered by Captain Cook in 1770.

13 Captain James Cook discovered Australia in 1770. He was sent to discover the huge land that many people believed was south of the equator. He landed south of present day Sydney in New South Wales. He claimed this part of the land for the King of England. In 1851 gold was discovered about 300 km west of Sydney. People rushed to the gold fields to find their fortunes. This attracted robbers called bushrangers.

14 The Aborigines are the Australian natives that had been living there for thousands of years before the first Europeans came to Australia in the 1600s.

15 The continent of Australia is mostly a great plain with mountains in the east and south-east.

16 Much of the land is a useless desert. Great deserts cover nearly 2 000 000 square kilometres.

17 Most of the continent is sunny most of the year.

18 Severe droughts, floods and cyclones happen very often on the continent. The people suffer from limited fresh water.

19 The tropical forests are displaced by savanna or grassland. In the south-east and on the sides of the mountains there are forests of eucalyptus and other evergreen trees.


21 Australians really love nature. They try to protect their nature and their animals.

22 THE STRANGE WORLD OF AUSTRALIAN ANIMALS Australia has been called “the land of differences” and “the continent of contrasts”. There are many ways in which it is different from other countries. The first thing most people think of are the strange native animals

23 There are many wild animals in Australia. Some of them, such as the kangaroo the koala the dingo or wild dog are not found in any other country of the world

24 The native birds of Australia are very interesting. The emu, for example, which with kangaroo is represented on the australian coat-of-arms, is the next-tallest bird in the world after the ostritch.

25 The capital of Australia is Canberra.

26 There are 5 big cities in Australia: Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide, Perth and Brisbane.

27 Canberra is the capital of Australia. It is very young city. Population is about 310,000 people. Capitol HillCanberra Fountain

28 Capital of New South Wales. Leading industrial city. Population: 3,200,000 people. St. Maria Cathedral The Harbour Bridge Sydney Sydney AMP Tower Opera House

29 Capital of Victoria. The world’s most livable city. Population: 3.200.000 Train Station Melbourne Bridge Old House

30 Capital of Queensland. It is a year-round vocation place. Population is about 1,400,000 people. Brisbane Bridge Brisbane Skyscrapers Brisbane

31 Capital of South Australia. A pretty and industrial city. Population: 1,100,000 people. Victoria Square Fountain Gold Beach Adelaide

32 Capital of Western Australia. One of the best climates in Australia. Population: 1.200.000 people. King’s Park Perth Skyscrapers

33 Capital of island-state Tasmania. Winters are very cold. Population of about 200,000. Bay of Fires Coles BayRemarkable Cave Lavender Farm

34 What factors explain the following peculiarities of Australia? The seasons are the other way round in Australia

35 The continent is south of the Equator.

36 Australia is sometimes called the Land Down Under.

37 New Year is in the middle of summer, the middle of winter is in June, and the winter months are never cold. Hot winds blow from the north, cold winds blow from the south.

38 What factors explain the following peculiarities of Australia? The few rivers play an especially important role in people’s lives.

39 Much of the land is a useless desert. Great deserts cover nearly 2 mln sq kms. The people suffer from limited fresh water.

40 The island’s wildlife is so unique today.

41 Australia became cut off from the rest of the world.

42 B y whom was Australia discovered and when was it happened? When was the birth of the new nation celebrated? What is the official name of Australia? What landscape is typical of Australia? Name the greatest rivers of Australia? What animals live in Australia? Name big cities of Australia. What is the capital of Australia?

43 Is Australia an island continent? What kind of animals has it? What is the best known animals? Where do the kangaroos carry their babies? What is the other name of koala? Do they like to hang upside down in the trees? What do the koalas eat? Do the koalas drink water? The dingo is the wild dog, isn’t it?

44 Your home task is to be ready for retelling about Australia.

45 know Now I can how to

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