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Adulthood and Old Age Chapter Review.

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Presentation on theme: "Adulthood and Old Age Chapter Review."— Presentation transcript:

1 Adulthood and Old Age Chapter Review

2 Which of the following does NOT influence patterns of health and disease in old age?
A. Health at younger age B. Eating habits C. Exercise D. Physical strength

3 Answer: D Physical Strength

4 The goal of hospice care is to
A. Improve the quality of life B. Prolong life. C. Avoid the use of drugs D. Cure the patient’s illness

5 Answer: A Improve the quality of life.

6 Brianna is at her physical peak. She is most likely ___years old.

7 Answer: B

8 List the stages of adjusting to dying and death as defined by Elizabeth Kubler-Ross.

9 Answer: Denial Anger Bargaining Depression acceptance

10 Alberto believes that his function in life is to help younger generations by passing on his acquired business wisdom. Erik Erikson would say Alberto is exhibiting A. Despair B. Stagnation C. Generativity D. Ego integrity

11 Answer: C generativity

12 A possible reaction to the departure from home of a woman’s last child.

13 Answer: Empty Nest Syndrome

14 Study of dying and death.

15 Answer: Thanatology

16 Memory loss, forgetfulness, disorientation, altered personality, impaired attention.

17 Answer: Senile Dementia

18 Ability to use accumulated knowledge in appropriate situations.

19 Answer: Crystallized Intelligence

20 Ability to generate new hypotheses.

21 Answer: Fluid Intelligence

22 The idea that physical and mental decline is inevitable with age.

23 Answer: Decremental model of aging.

24 Elderly people have difficulty retrieving information from memory due to
A. Generativity B. A decline in the nervous system C. A loss of fluid intelligence D. A loss of crystallized intelligence

25 Answer: B A decline in the nervous system.

26 Predujice or discrimination against the olderly is called this.

27 Answer: Ageism

28 Daniel Levinson described the period in their life when men look over the life choices they have made as this.

29 Answer: The Age Thirty Crisis.

30 During this stage, women stop ovulating and menstruating and their production of sex hormonoes drops sharply.

31 Answer: Menopause

32 Sissy is struggling through the second stage of dying
Sissy is struggling through the second stage of dying. This can best described as a stage of A. Anger B. Denial C. Acceptance D. bargaining

33 Answer: A Anger

34 Daniel Levinson’s theory focused on
A. Adolescent males B. Adult males C. Elderly females D. Middle-aged females

35 Wrinkles first appear in the skin in

36 Answer: Middle Age

37 Williams and Johnson have found that no physiological reason exists for halting this activity.

38 Answer: Sexual Activity.

39 People may become shorter and develop loose skin in this stage.

40 Answer: Old Age.

41 Which of the following is NOT one of the three most common causes of death in later adulthood?
Cancer Cirrhosis Alzheimer’s disease Heart disease

42 C; Alzheimers

43 Depression is most common among which group?
Adolescent boys Adolescent girls Middle-aged men Middle-aged women

44 D; middle-aged women

45 What did Erik Erikson call a discontinuation of development and desire to recapture the past?

46 Stagnation!

47 A stage for women in which major psychological and biological changes occur.

48 Climateric

49 Elderly people who experience a loss of control often develop
A fear of dying A negative self-concept Rigidity Alzheimer’s disease

50 B; a negative self-concept

51 Which of the following is NOT a major cause of death among the elderly?
Cancer Rheumatoid arthritis Heart disease strokes

52 B; rheumatoid arthritis

53 According to Levinson, what is the BOOM phase?

54 Between the ages of 36 and 40 a man learns to “make it” in the adult world. Here there is a distinctive BOOM phase, “Becoming One’s Own Man”

55 Which of the following people helped establish thanatology?
Erik Erikson Jack Kervorkian Elisabeth Kubler-Ross Lou Gehrig

56 C; Elisabeth Kubler-Ross

57 Many Americans today have no direct experience with death because
People no longer go to funerals in large numbers Extended families insulate us from death People are afraid of dying People tend to die in nursing homes and hospitals.

58 D; people tend to die in nursing homes and hospitals.

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