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Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior Charles T. Blair-Broeker Randal M. Ernst.

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Presentation on theme: "Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior Charles T. Blair-Broeker Randal M. Ernst."— Presentation transcript:

1 Thinking About Psychology: The Science of Mind and Behavior Charles T. Blair-Broeker Randal M. Ernst

2 Adulthood and Aging Module 06

3 Early Adulthood Transitions and the Social Clock Module 6: Adult and Aging

4 Social Clock The culturally (society’s) preferred timing of social events such as marriage, parenthood, and retirement The “best” timing for certain life events The timing varies from culture to culture.

5 Discussion Questions When do you hope to get married? Have children? When do you want to retire? What are your reason for the timing of events? What do you believe is the social clock in our society for these events?

6 Emerging Adulthood Developmental period between adolescence and adulthood


8 Physical Changes and Transitions: Middle Adulthood’s Physical Changes Module 6: Adult and Aging

9 Menopause The time of natural cessation of menstruation Referred to as the biological changes a woman experiences as her ability to reproduce declines Usually occurs between age 45 and 55 Does not usually lead to depression

10 Physical Changes and Transitions: Later Adulthood’s Physical Changes Module 6: Adult and Aging

11 Physical Changes: Vision

12 Physical Changes: Sense of Smell

13 Physical Changes: Hearing


15 Physical Changes and Transitions: Diseases Related to Aging Module 6: Adult and Aging

16 Alzheimer’s Disease A progressive and irreversible brain disorder characterized by gradual deterioration of memory, reasoning, language, and physical functioning

17 Senile Dementia The mental disintegration that accompanies alcoholism, tumor, stroke, aging, or Alzheimer's disease

18 Senile Dementia

19 Cognitive Changes and Transitions: Memory Module 6: Adult and Aging

20 Aging and Memory Recognition remains stable from 20-60 (Schonfield&Robertson, 1966) Older adults have problems with recall but able to identify terms in multiple choice exam Older adults remain able to remember meaningful material.

21 Aging and Memory

22 Cognitive Changes and Transitions: Intelligence Module 6: Adult and Aging

23 Fluid Intelligence One’s ability to reason speedily and abstractly Can be used to solve novel logic problems Declines as people get older

24 Crystallized Intelligence One’s accumulated knowledge and verbal skills Tends to increase with age

25 Age and Verbal/Nonverbal Intelligence

26 Social Changes and Transitions: Life’s Commitments Module 6: Adult and Aging

27 Erik Erikson Constructed an 8-stage theory of social development Each stage has its own psychosocial developmental task. The last 4 stages deal with Adolescence through late adulthood.


29 Generativity Erikson’s term for being productive and supporting future generations

30 Commitment to Work Most high school/college students aren’t sure of their career goals. Happiness seems to be correlated with work that is challenging, provides a sense of accomplishment, and is interesting.

31 Commitment to Love An important factor in adult happiness Lasting love includes: –Intimate self-disclosure –Shared emotional and material support –Similar interests and values

32 Commitment to Marriage 90% of the population gets married 50% divorce rate 75% of those who have divorced remarry

33 Commitment to Children Children result in a change in the marital relationship Potential disagreement on the division of labor with children

34 Empty Nest The change married couples go through as a result of their children leaving home Not necessarily a negative event for couples

35 A Lifetime of Well-Being Module 6: Adult and Aging

36 Work and Love Discussion What kind of person would you look for as a marriage partner? Why are these particular qualities important in a partner? What kind of career do you aspire to have? Why this particular career?

37 Overall Life Satisfaction Most studies show the elderly as happy and satisfied with life. People tend to mellow with age. Most regrets focus on what the person didn’t do rather than mistakes they have made in life.

38 Overall Life Satisfaction

39 Ageism Intro List three words or terms that come to mind when you hear the words ‘old people’

40 Ageism The tendency to categorize and judge people on the basis of their chronological age. Affects older adults as well as younger adults.

41 Death and Dying Module 6: Adult and Aging

42 Reactions to Death Reactions to death are different from culture to culture. Attitudes toward death and dying are changing in the United States. --more openness --facing death with dignity; hospice helps

43 Stages of Death and Dying Elisabeth Kubler-Ross proposed people that are going to die go through the following stages: Stage 1- DenialStage 4- Depression Stage 2- AngerStage 5- Acceptance Stage 3- Bargaining

44 Evaluating Kubler-Ross Many argue that “stages” people go through are based on the individual and culture Not everyone will go through all stages or deal with them in the same way.

45 The End

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