Presentation on theme: "Mark Evers Transport for London Reducing CO 2 from Transport Action Today to Protect Tomorrow London’s Climate Change Action Plan."— Presentation transcript:
Mark Evers Transport for London Reducing CO 2 from Transport Action Today to Protect Tomorrow London’s Climate Change Action Plan
Approach to tackling climate change in London 6. Implementation: What do we need to do to make this happen? 5. Cost/benefit: At a high level, what would the actions cost and what will be the CO 2 benefits? 4. Quantified actions: How can London deliver these targets? 2. Future emissions: What will London’s emissions be under ‘business as usual’? 1. Baseline: London’s 1990 and 2006 CO 2 footprint 3. Targets: What reductions are needed for London to play its role in stabilising global temperatures?
CO 2 emissions from London 2006: 44m tonnes Industrial 7% Ground Based Transport 22% Domestic 38% Commercial and public sector 33% 2025: 51m tonnes ?
Required CO 2 reductions 10 20 30 40 50 2000201020202030204020501990 Carbon Dioxide Emissions (MtCO 2 ) Profile of national targets and aspirations (against 1990) Today 45.1m 44.3m 15% 20% 25% 30% 60% (vs 2000) Target for London = 60% 10 year target (2016) = 20% Proposed London reductions to achieve 450ppm stabilisation 600 million tonnes CO 2 to 2025
London’s Climate Change Action Plan Green Homes Programme Green Organisations Programme Green Energy Programme Green Transport Programme
CO2 emissions from London’s transport sector Industrial Commercial Ground-based transport Domestic All sectors 44 million tonnes CO 2 11% Ground-based aviation Car & motorcycle Road freight Bus Taxi & PHVs Underground National Rail 4% Transport sector 100% = 10 million tonnes CO 2
Green Transport Programme Changing the way Londoners travel Operating vehicles more efficiently Promoting lower-carbon vehicles, infrastructure and fuels
Shifting demand to less harmful transport modes is critical Walking and cycling encouraged for short trips Improve public transport to promote shift from car Typical CO 2 emissions by mode Walking & Cycling 0.11 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.00 0.020.040.060.080.100.12 Car Bus Rail Underground kg CO 2 / passenger km
Travel demand management is critical to reducing CO 2 emissions from cars SMARTER TRAVEL SUTTON How is it different? 1 TDM measures will be implemented together in the same place 2 Programme will be adequately funded (£5m over 3 years) 3 Performance will be measured before, during and after pilot
Eco-driving can reduce average vehicle emissions by up to 10% Applicable to cars and taxis, freight, buses and even trains Potential savings: –Smooth driving (5-10% saving) –Correct tyre pressures (2-4% saving) –Regular servicing (4% saving) –Obeying the speed limit (up to 25%) TfL will be supporting national initiatives with local campaigns
World’s first double-decker hybrid now operating on Route 141
The Underground is London’s largest user of electricity Physical Assets Operational Change Energy Procurement Speed vs energy consumption, smooth driving Renewables “additionality” is key Regenerative braking, low resistance conductor rail, trains Reduce need to cool, CHP? Tube Cooling UNDERGROUND
CO 2 emissions vary by type of car and within the same model range VW Golf 3.2 litre petrol engine Cost: £25,000 255 grams CO 2 /km VW Golf 1.9 litre diesel engine Cost: £16,500 132 grams CO 2 /km Same car, twice the CO 2 !
CO 2 (g/km) Air Quality (Euro Standard) Better Worse Better £££ ££ TfL is investigating changes to the congestion charge to promote uptake £ "I want TfL to look at … much steeper charges of perhaps £25 for the really environmentally damaging cars” Ken Livingstone, Mayor of London <120g/km + Euro IV: £0 >225g/km: £25 120-225g/km: £8 SUBJECT TO CONSULTATION
Transport sector’s contribution to CO 2 savings by 2025 Breakdown of savings by 2025 22% 39% Contribution to Saving Transport Commercial and public sector Domestic 19.6 million tonnes CO 2 Operating efficiently Low carbon vehicles and fuels Changing the way Londoners travel 37% Breakdown of transport sector savings 20% 43% 4.3m tonnes
Transport sector’s contribution to CO 2 savings by 2025 Breakdown of savings by 2025 22% 39% Contribution to Saving Transport Commercial and public sector Domestic 19.6 million tonnes CO 2 4.3m tonnes Infrastructure efficiencies Road user charging Breakdown of transport sector savings 7% 26% 9% 11% 4% 19% 13% TDM Driver behaviour Operational efficiencies Low carbon vehicles Biofuels Renewable Electricity
To download London’s Climate Change Action Plan: www.london.gov.uk/mayor/environment/climate-change