Nonrenewable resources = used faster than they can form or be replenished: –Coal –Oil –Natural Gas Renewable resources = cannot be used up or can replenish themselves over time : – Wind – Solar – Water MUST BE MANAGED EFFECTIVELY!!! Fossil fuels
The Greenhouse Effect G.H.E. is naturally good (it warms Earth) Problem: Excess heat trapped near the earth’s surface Fear: Climate patterns change, ice caps melt Main Cause: CO 2 from burning of fossil fuels Solutions: Reduce use of fossil fuels, regrow trees, alternative energy sources
What’s a Greenhouse? A Greenhouse is designed to trap heat so you can grow plants year round, even in cooler environments. heat Some heat escapes the greenhouse, but enough is trapped to keep the inside warm
Earth heat Some heat escapes into space Some heat naturally trapped by Earth’s atmosphere The Natural Greenhouse Effect is good! The Atmosphere
Earth heat Excess CO2 in atmosphere Less heat escapes into space More heat trapped near Earth’s surface
The Greenhouse Effect is naturally GOOD! Mars: No Greenhouse Effect Little heat is trapped by the thin CO 2 atmosphere. High temperatures can be around 20 ⁰ F. Earth: Balanced Greenhouse Effect Average global temperature is 57 ⁰ F. Venus: The Extreme Greenhouse Effect Heat is trapped by the thick CO 2 atmosphere. Temperatures reach 750 ⁰ F.
Defined: Precipitation with a below normal pH Cause: –Pollution from burning fossil fuels rises into the air Effect: –Ecosystems more acidic –Kills plant and animal life –Biomagnification: toxins accumulate in living tissue higher up the food chain Solutions: –Reduce fossil fuel usage –Add buffer (base) to waterways
Ozone Layer Depletion Ozone Function: Block UV radiation from sun Problems: –CFCs thinning the ozone layer CFCs common to coolants and foam production –More UV radiation reaches the surface Effects: Crop damage, skin cancers, Eye damage Solution: Reduce CFCs, regrow trees UV Ozone layer blocks UV radiation from the sun Ozone layer CFCs UV
The Smog and Ground-Level Ozone Reason: –Burning of fossil fuels & industry Problems: –Respiratory illness –Ozone gas is poisonous Causes: –Particulates rise into air and react with sunlight to make air pollution Solutions: –Reduce use of fossil fuels –alternative energy sources –Plant trees
When is ozone good vs. bad? When Good When 10-30 miles up in the atmosphere It blocks UV radiation from the sun Life doesn’t exist in the stratosphere When Bad When near the ground Where life exists
Deforestation Defined: Clearing of forested areas Reasons: –High demand for wood –Create farmland Problems: –Species extinction –Excess CO 2 released –Desertification: wind/rain carry soil away Solutions: –Recycle –Improved farming techniques
Non-native Species Introduction Defined: Foreign organisms are introduced to a new habitat Reason: –P–Pet industry, “free ride” organisms, pest control Effects: –F–Foreign species outcompete native species –F–Food webs unbalanced –D–Decrease biodiversity –E–Economic damage Solutions: –L–Laws preventing foreign goods into new countries
Kobe Kuiz 1)CFCs are manmade chemical responsible for the destruction of _________________. 2)Which gas is a main contributor to the greenhouse effect? 3)Crop damage and cancers are caused by an excess amount of which type of energy? 4)Name the big three fossil fuels. 5)Which planet has excess temperatures because of a thick CO2 atmosphere? 6)Desert-like land is created as a result of which problem? 7)Where is ozone gas harmful to life? 8)Where is ozone gas helpful to life? 9)Food webs become unbalanced as a result of the introduction of which type of organisms? 10)Even though there may be space for people, why do those who study the environment consider humans to be overpopulated?