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Published byDuane Lane Modified over 7 years ago
By: Vanessa Ponce Period: 2 MOOD DISORDERS
What is the difference between major depression and the bipolar disorder? Can a mood disorder be inherited or caused by a certain thing? ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS
Mood disorders refer to a category of mental health problems which include all types of depression and bipolar disorder. Sometimes called affective disorders. More difficult to diagnose mood disorders in children, especially since children aren’t always able to express how they feel. At any age, mood disorders put individuals at risk for other conditions that may last awhile after an episode of depression being resolved. WHAT ARE MOOD DISORDERS?
Aren’t well known Chemicals in the brain called endorphins that are responsible for positive moods Other chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters, regulate endorphins Depression is more likely causes by a chemical imbalance in the brain Some disorders are considered to be multifactorially inherited (meaning many factors are involved) The factors produce a trait/condition that are usually genetic and environmental One gender is affected more than the other CAUSES
Feelings of sadness Feeling hopeless or helpless Having low self-esteem Excessive guilt Suicidal thoughts or attempts Loss of interest in daily activities Difficulty with relationships Insomnia or hypersomnia Decreased energy Changes in appetite or weight Hypersensitivity to failure or rejection Irritability, hostility, or aggression SYMPTOMS
Major depression- 2 week period of a depressed mood along with other signs of a mood disorder Bipolar disorder (Manic depression)- At least one episode of a depressed or irritable mood for at least 2 years Dysthymia (dysthymic disorder)- A chronic, low-grade, depressed, or irritable mood for at least two years Mood disorder due to a general medical condition- Many medical illnesses can trigger symptoms of depression Substance induced mood disorder- Symptoms of depression that are due to the effects of medication, drug abuse, alcohol abuse, or other forms of treatment. DIFFERENT TYPES OF MOOD DISORDERS
Major depression is also known as clinical depression, it is a state of excessive depressive symptoms. With MD it is difficult to work, study, sleep, eat, and enjoy friends and activities. Some have clinical depression once in their life, others have it several times in a lifetime. Seems to occur from one generation to the next in some families Also can affect someone with no family history of the illness MAJOR DEPRESSION
Loss of energy almost every day Feelings of worthlessness or guilt often Insomnia or hypersomnia Loss of interest in daily activities Restlessness or feeling slowed down Recurring thoughts of suicide or death Significant weight loss or gain Change in appetite SYMPTOMS
Depression treatments aren’t always affective. Two-thirds of people with depression aren’t always helped by the first treatment, up to a third don’t even respond to several attempts of treatment MAJOR DEPRESSION TREATMENT
Simplify Your Life: Take it easy and set reasonable goals for yourself. Write in a Journal: Part of treatment, may help improve moods by allowing you to express your emotions with writing. Don’t Become Isolated: Try to get involved in social activities and get together with friends or family regularly. Take Care of Yourself: Eat healthy, be active, and get plenty of sleep Don’t Make Important Decisions When Down: Since you’re not thinking clearly avoid making big decisions when you’re feeling depressed HOW TO COPE
Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that causes unusual swifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to do everyday tasks. Can be treated (Has medication) Two types: Bipolar disorder 1 and 2 BIPOLAR DISORDER
Bipolar Disorder 1 Characterized by one or more manic episodes or mixed episodes and one or more major depressive episodes. Most severe form of the illness marked by extreme manic episodes. Bipolar Disorder 2 Characterized by one or more manic episodes or mixed emotions and one more major depressive episodes. The highs in bipolar disorder 2 are not as high as those in bipolar 1. TWO TYPES OF BIPOLAR DISORDERS
Feeling hopeless, sad, or empty Irritability Unable to experience pleasure Loss of energy Appetite or weight changes Sleep problems Memory problems Feelings of worthlessness or guilt Thought of death or suicide SYMPTOMS
Be Patient: Don’t expect to be cured right away, have patience towards treatment process and it will take time to find a program that works with you. Communicate With Your Treatment Provider: Your treatment program with change overtime so keep close contact with your doctor/therapist, also be honest with your provider about your symptoms and medication side effects. Take Medication as Instructed: Follow instructions and take it correctly. Don’t skip or change your dose without talking to your doctor. TIPS TO BE SUCCESSFUL WITH TREATMENT
Become An Expert: Learn about your disorder and all you can about the medications. Keep up with current research and treatment options. Engage in Your Treatment: The relationship with your health care provider is key to the successful management of your disorder, you must build trust and a strong line of communication. Fin Support: Emotional support from other with disorder is an important part of recovery, its helpful to share thoughts, fears, and questions with others with the same illness. Get Healthy: Maintain a well balanced diet, exercise regularly, and get plenty of sleep. HOW TO COPE
Changes in mood Affects social life Reckless behavior and suicide Symptoms: Loss of energy Feelings worthlessness or guilt Insomnia or hypersomnia Thought about death or suicide SIMILARITIES (MD&BD)
The bipolar disorder includes mania and depression but depression doesn’t include mania People with the bipolar disorder switch between episodes of depression and episodes of mania. People with depression only experience depression while people with the bipolar disorder experiences different episodes. DIFFERENCES (MD&BD)
" Disorders." Disorders. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2014. “Major Depression (Clinical Depression) Symptoms, Treatments, and More." WebMD. WebMD, 03 Jan. 0000. Web. 23 Mar. 2014. "Hotline Information." Types of Bipolar Disorder. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Mar. 2014. "The Two Types of Bipolar Disorder | Psych Central." Psych Central.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2014. WORK CITIED
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