Presentation on theme: "Clinical Depression Emmanuelle Angeles W8. What is Clinical Depression? A constant sense of hopelessness and despair most of the day; Sometimes for."— Presentation transcript:
What is Clinical Depression? A constant sense of hopelessness and despair most of the day; Sometimes for two weeks May be difficult to work, study, sleep, and enjoy friends and activities Seems to occur from one generation to the next in some families May affect people with no family history of the illness
Causes Grief from losing a loved one through death, divorce, or separation Social isolation or feelings of being deprived Major life changes (moving, graduation, job change, retirement) Personal conflicts in relationships, either with a significant other or a superior Physical, sexual, or emotional abuse
Symptoms Fatigue or loss of energy almost every day Feelings of worthlessness or guilt almost every day Impaired concentration, indecisiveness Insomnia or hypersomnia almost every day Diminished interest or pleasure in almost all activities nearly every day Restlessness or feeling slowed down Recurring thoughts of death or suicide Significant weight loss or gain
Differences between Women and Men Women: Almost twice as many women than men Puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, miscarriage, menopause Stress at home or at work Raising a child alone Men: Underreported Signs: Irritability Anger drug & alcohol abuse (can be cause of depression) Repressing feelings result in violent behavior inwardly and outwardly: Illness, suicide, or homicide
Treatments Antidepressant to control symptoms Psychotherapy or talk therapy Electroconvulsive therapy(ECT or shock therapy)
Further Prevention Once you have had an episode of clinical depression, you are at a high risk of having another. Be aware of the causes of clinical depression Continue taking medications Know symptoms of major depression Consult your doctor early if you have any symptoms
Today’s and One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest’s treatments TodayOne Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest Antidepressant Psychotherapy/Talk Therapy Electroconvulsive Therapy Medication Group Sessions Daily routine Electroconvulsive Therapy Lobotomy They both have similar treatments such as medication, group sessions/talk therapy, and electroconvulsive therapy. However, the treatments in the film are more mind-numbing, unpleasant, and humiliating.