Presentation on theme: "Line: the basic unit of a poem Stanza: a collection of lines in a poem"— Presentation transcript:
1 Line: the basic unit of a poem Stanza: a collection of lines in a poem What is Poetry?Poetry is a literary genre written in lines and stanzas.Line: the basic unit of a poemStanza: a collection of lines in a poem
2 Types of PoetryBallad: a story poem usually meant to be sung. There are two typesTraditional: writer often unknown, it tells a single story, is often passed down from generation to generation. Usually rhymes and has a lot of repetition as it can be easily remembered.Literary: often written in four line stanzas with the second and fourth lines rhyming. The author’s name is known and it does not have a tune. Also tells simple stories of things or events
3 Types of poetry continued 2. Free verse: a form of poetry that does not follow a set rhythm3 Lyrical: a poem that expresses intense personal thoughts moods and emotions.3. Narrative: a poem that tells a story
4 Types of poetry continued Haiku:a seventeen syllable poem. It has three lines. The first line has five syllables, the second seven syllables and the third five syllables. Many haikus are about nature.5. Concrete: a poem whose shape or visual appearance contributes to its meaning.6. Sonnet: a fourteen line poem written in iambic pentamenter [ U / ]
5 Poetry makes use of figurative language. There are four types: 1. simile: a comparison of two unlike things using the words like or as2. metaphor: a direct comparison of two things not usually thought of as alike without using like or as.3. personification: the giving of human characteristics to inanimate objects4. hyperbole: an extreme exaggeration
6 Sound Devices used in Poetry alliteration: the repetition of the same consonant sound in a line of poetryonomatopoeia: when a word sound like its meaning or what it is.assonance: the repetition of a vowel sound in consecutive words in a line of poetry or proserepetition: the repeating of a word or words in a line of poetry.
7 Literal verses Figurative Meaning in Poetry Literal Meaning: A reader’s take on what the poem is saying literally. When answering a question on literal meaning it is important to take what the words say at face value. Don’t forget to put part of the question in the answer. Create flow in your answer by creating a link between sentences. A suggestion is to summarize the content line by line or stanza by stanza. Avoid run on sentences.
8 Figurative meaningFigurative Meaning: Involves looking at a poem’s symbolic meaning. Symbolically the poem has a message for the audience that is implied( hinted at) rather than stated out and out (explicit).
9 Irony: is when something happens that is the opposite to what you expect to happen Three types of irony:Verbal irony: say something mean the oppositeDramatic irony: when one character or the audience is aware of something other characters are not aware of.Situational irony: a contrast between what a character says or what he or she means or a contrast between what a character expects to happen and what actually happens.
10 Imagery Language that appeals to the five senses Visual imagery is the most common type of imagerySome writer’s even manage to create images of the way things smell, taste or feel.
11 Simile or Metaphor His wife is a shrew. ___________ His face was as red as a beet.________She’s as big as a whale.________He’s a snake.________The sea is a hungry dog.___________The fall leaves looked like monarch butterflies dancing on the lawn._______
12 Personification or Hyperbole The whistle blast made me jump ten feet into the air.__________Blues never climb a hill or sit on a roof in starlight_________The fire is dancing tonight and the winds are talking.________The suit was as old as the hills._________She’s dying to meet her favorite movie star._______
13 Write a sentence which personifies each object Time:PensTreesEmpire State buildingBeach
14 What type of poem am I? Wind, gently blowing Up, around, and through the trees.Plays tag with my bike
15 I am a HAIKU My first line has five syllables My second line has seven syllablesMy third line has five syllablesWind, gently blowing 5Up, around, and through the trees. 7Plays tag with my bike 5
16 Poetry Quiz __________ is a grouping of lines in a poem. ________ are matching word sounds at the end of lines of poetry.__________ a form of writing in which the poet writes in lines and stanzas._______ the main idea in a piece of writing.___________ a direct comparison without using words like or as.
17 6.A narrative poem written in a songlike form is a ______________poem. Quiz continued6.A narrative poem written in a songlike form is a ______________poem.7.A poem that tells a story is a _______.8._________is giving objects or animals human qualities.9.A comparison of two things using the words like or as is a ________.
18 10.________ when writing means exactly what it says. Quiz continued10.________ when writing means exactly what it says.11.The repetition of the same consonant sounds in consecutive words in a line of poetry________.12._________ is when the sound of a word resembles its meaning.13.________ is the feeling that is created in a piece of writing.14.__________ a form of poetry with no set rhyme scheme.
19 15.__________ an exaggeration in a piece of writing. Quiz continued15.__________ an exaggeration in a piece of writing.16.The repetition of the same word a number of times in a line of poetry________.17.The writer’s feelings as expressed in a poem_____.18. A Japanese poem usually about nature. Written in three lines with 5, 7 5, syllables in each line respectively.__________
20 19.The pattern of rhyme is a poem is the ___________. Quiz continued19.The pattern of rhyme is a poem is the ___________.20.The most basic unit of a poem is __________.