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Literary Devices Poetry Unit: 2014-2015.

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Presentation on theme: "Literary Devices Poetry Unit: 2014-2015."— Presentation transcript:

1 Literary Devices Poetry Unit:

2 Prose Definition: spoken or written language that is not cast in poetical measure or rhythm Example: Any poem that does not rhyme.

3 Memoir Definition: An autobiographical account of a personal experience recalled from memory, usually written in an informal style; differs from autobiography in scope. Example: Six word memoirs

4 Biography Definition: An account of a person’s life written, composed, or produced by another person. Example:

5 Autobiography Definition: An account of a person’s life written, composed, or produced by that same person. Example:

6 Structure Definition: The organizational pattern of a text; structure may be apparent in either content or form or both. Example: abba / abab / or repeition

7 Poetry Definition: A genre of literature in which individual works are generally recognizable in terms of form and/or structure and figurative use of language Example:

8 Diction Definition: Precise word choice; selection of words for specific denotative, connotative, or figurative purposes Example: High Diction with teacher / Lower diction with friends

9 Imagery Definition: Vivid or figurative language used to represent those things that can be perceived by the five senses: sights, sounds, smells, tastes, and textures Example: The sun is red, red joy.

10 Symbolism Definition: The practice of representing things or ideas by means of other objects or ideas; attributing symbolic meanings or significance to objects, events, or relationships. Example: American Flag / White Dove.

11 Figurative Language Definition: Speech or writing that departs from literal meaning in order to achieve a special effect or meaning; speech or writing employing figures of speech such as similes or metaphors. Example:

12 Point of View Definition: The vantage point from which an author tells a story. Example: 1st person / 2nd person / 3rd person limited / 3rd person Omniscient

13 Aesthetic Effects The reactions a reader has to the form, content, and or beauty of a work and that engender enjoyment or an emotional reaction in that reader.

14 Alliteration Definition: The repetition of initial identical consonant sounds or any vowel sounds in successive or closely associated syllables Examples: She sells sea-shells down by the sea-shore

15 Onomatopoeia Definition: Words whose sounds suggest their meaning.
Example: Buzz / Clang / drip

16 Rhyme Scheme Definition: The pattern in which rhyme sounds occur in a stanza or an entire poem Example: AABA / AABA / AABA

17 Slant Rhyme Definition: Off rhyme where the ending consonants rhyme but the initial sounds do not Example: sown/clown; after/brother

18 Personification Definition: Giving non-human things (animals,ideas,objects) human like qualities. Example: The stars danced playfully in the moonlit sky.

19 Metaphor Definition: A figure of speech in which one thing is compared to another Example: A sea of troubles

20 Simile Definition: A figure of speech in which two unlike things are compared using like or as. Example: My love is like a red rose

21 Hyperbole Definition: An exaggeration
Example: I walked A MILLION miles to school

22 Fixed Form Poems Definition: Poems that conform to predetermined lines and stanzas Example: Haiku / Sonnet / Ballad

23 Free Form Poems Definition: Poems that do not follow any pattern
Example: Any other poem that doesn’t have a specific rhyme pattern or structure

24 Narrative Poem Definition: Poems that tell a story
Example: Tears on Santa’s Cheek

25 Lyric Poem Definition: A poem, generally brief, that creates a single, unified impression, usually dealing with emotion.

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