Presentation on theme: "Poetry A metrical writing chosen and arranged to create or evoke a specific emotional response through meaning, sound and rhythm."— Presentation transcript:
Poetry A metrical writing chosen and arranged to create or evoke a specific emotional response through meaning, sound and rhythm.
Terminology Alliteration – repetition of the same or very similar consonant sounds in words that are close together in a poem “Open here I flung the shutter, when with many a flirt and flutter, /In there stepped a stately Raven of the saintly days of yore.” Allusion- reference to a statement, a person, place or event in history, literature, etc.
Terminology Analogy- a comparison made between two things to show how they are alike in some respects Assonance- repetition of similar vowel sounds that are followed by different consonant sounds. Ballad – a song that tells a story
Terminology Blank verse - poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter Connotation- the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests Couplet- two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme I am his Highness’ dog at Kew; Pray me, Sir, whose dog are you?”
Terminology Denotation – the definition of a word Diction- A writer or speaker’s choice of words Epic – a long story told in an elevated language which relates the deeds of a “larger-than-life” hero who embodies the values of a particular society
Terminology Free verse – poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme Haiku – Japanese verse form consisting of three lines and usually seventeen syllables (5 first line, 7 second, 5 third) Hyperbole – figure of speech using exaggeration to express an emotion. An overstatement. His shoes were the size of ocean liners.
Terminology Idiom – expression peculiar to a particular language that means something different from the original meaning of each word Raining cats and dogs Imagery - language that appeals to any of the senses Inversion – reversal of the normal word order of a sentence
Terminology Lyric poetry – poetry that does not tell a story but is aimed only at expressing a speaker’s emotions or thoughts. Metaphor – a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things. Does not use LIKE or AS “My love is a red rose” Implied – does not directly say that something is something else but uses words to suggest the nature of the comparison “O, my love bursts into bloom” Extended - a metaphor that is developed over several lines
Terminology Meter – generally regular pattern of stress and unstressed syllables Iambic(*/) That time of year thou mayst in me behold Trochaic (/*) Tell me not in mournful numbers Anapestic (**/) And the sound of a voice that is still Dactylic (/**) This is the forest primeval, the…
Terminology Onomatopoeia – the expression of a sound through words “Bang” Personification - giving human-like qualities to non human things “This poetry gets bored of being alone” Refrain – repeated word, phrase, line or group of lines
Terminology Rhyme – repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them in words that are close together as in poems End - rhyme occurs at the end of a line of poetry Internal – rhyme occurs within a line of poetry Rhythm – musical quality in language produced by repetition
Terminology Simile – figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things using words similar to like, resemble, as, etc. “My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun” Sonnet – a 14 line lyric poem that is usually in iambic pentameter and that has one of several rhyme schemes Stanza – a group of consecutive lines in poetry that form a single unit
Terminology Symbol – a person, place, thing or event that stands for itself and something beyond itself as well A Scale, An eagle, etc. Theme – a central idea of a work of literature Tone – an attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject or a character