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Poetry Vocabulary.

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Presentation on theme: "Poetry Vocabulary."— Presentation transcript:

1 Poetry Vocabulary

2 Speaker The narrator of a poem; not to be confused with the author.

3 Rhyme Scheme The occurrence of the same or similar sounds at the end of two or more words or at the end of two or more lines of poetry

4 Rhyme Scheme There once was a man from Peru (A)
Who dreamed he was eating his shoe. (A) He woke in the night (B) With a terrible fright (B) And found out that it was quite true! (A)

5 Rhyme Scheme Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall (_____)
Humpty Dumpty had a great fall (_____) All the king’s horses and all the king’s men (_____) Couldn’t put Humpty together again (_____)

6 Meter The arrangement of a line of poetry by the number of syllables and the rhythm of stressed syllables

7 Rhythm The pattern or flow of sound in a poem

8 Stanza Two or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem. The stanzas of a poem are usually of the same length and follow the same pattern of meter and rhyme and are used like paragraphs in a story.

9 Mood The overall feeling of a poem; the emotion a poet is trying to convey Mood can be sad, humorous, silly, dramatic, romantic, lighthearted, nostalgic, etc..

10 Simile The comparison of two things using the words “like” or “as”
Examples: Your room looks like a pig pen! This room is as dirty as a pig pen.

11 Metaphor The comparison of two things without using the words “like” or “as” Examples: Your room is a pig pen! Your friends are animals.

12 Personification A figure of speech in which nonhuman things or abstract ideas are given human attributes Example: The leaves danced in the wind.

13 Alliteration The repetition of the same starting sound in several words. Examples: Parkside Panthers She sells sea shells by the sea shore.

14 Assonance The repetition of the same vowel sound in several words.
Examples: The rain in Spain stays mainly on the plains.

15 Theme The abstract concept explored in a literary work; the poet’s message to his/her reader

16 Hyperbole Exaggeration. It may be used for serious or for comic effect. Example: “I had so much homework, I needed a pickup truck to haul my books home!”

17 Lyric Poem A poem that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. A lyric poem may resemble a song in form or style. Note: This is NOT the same as song LYRICS.

18 Narrative Poem A poem that tells a story.
Ballads and Epics are two types of narrative poems.

19 Epic Poem A long, serious poem that tells the story of a heroic figure. The Odyssey is an example of an epic poem.

20 Ballad A poem that tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend and often has a repeated refrain

21 Refrain A line or group of lines that is repeated throughout a poem, usually after every stanza.

22 Haiku A Japanese poem composed of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables. Haiku often reflect on some aspect of nature.

23 Limerick A humorous poem of five lines. Usually has the rhyme scheme AABBA

24 Free Verse Poetry written in rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no set meter.

25 Iambic Pentameter A strict form of poetry with 10 syllables per line with a meter of stressed syllable, unstressed syllable “But soft!/ What light/ through yon/der win/dow breaks?” (From Romeo & Juliet)

26 Blank Verse Poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
Shakespeare’s plays were written in blank verse.

27 Sonnet A lyric poem that is 14 lines long, with a specific rhyme scheme and meter. English sonnets are written in iambic pentameter and have the rhyme scheme abab cdcd efef gg .

28 Couplet Two lines of poetry that rhyme Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall
Humpty Dumpty had a great fall.

29 Ode A lyric poem written to a specific person or thing, usually in praise. It has a rhyme scheme, but that is usually left up to the poet. Some odes are meant to be sung.

30 Onomatopoeia A word that imitates or suggests the source of the sound it makes. Examples: Buzz, Beep, Hiccup, Boom, Zap

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