Presentation on theme: "Terms and Examples PART I"— Presentation transcript:
1 Terms and Examples PART I PoetryTerms and ExamplesPART I
2 Form The way a poem’s lines and words are arranged on the page. Most common forms are the ballad, epic, ode, sonnet, and free verse.
3 Lines and StanzasPoems are written in lines, which can vary in length. Lines are grouped together in stanzas; separated by a space.The poet chooses the line length to fit the rhythm, feeling, or thought expressed in the poem.
4 Rhyme Repetition of sounds at the end of words Internal Rhyme: rhyming words within the same lineEnd Rhyme: use of rhymes at end of linesRhyme Scheme: pattern of end rhymes in a poem
5 RhythmThe pattern of sound created by stressed and unstressed syllables in a lineStressed syllables are word parts that are read with emphasis, while unstressed syllables are less emphasized
6 RepetitionSounds, words, phrases, or lines that are stated or used more than once in a poem.Used to emphasize an idea or convey a certain meaningHappy, happy, happy, so happy!
7 SymbolA person, place, an object, or an action that stands for something beyond itself.Example: Bald Eagle is a symbol for the United States of America.
8 SpeakerThe speaker is the voice that talks to the reader in a poem like a narrator in a storyNot necessarily the poet
9 Voice The distinctive style or manner of expression Can reveal much about the author’s or narrator’s personality
10 Free VerseFree verse is poetry without a regular pattern of rhyme, rhythm, or meter.Free verse is used for a variety of subjects.
24 ElegyA type of lyric poem of mourning or lamentation for the dead. Usually it expresses sorrow over the death of someone the poet admired, loved or respected; sometimes it simply mourns the passing of all life and beauty.
28 Couplet Poem A two-lined poem that rhymes. We Jack o’ Lanterns have a songThat we like to sing all night long.
29 Terms and Examples PART II PoetryTerms and ExamplesPART II
30 Lines and StanzasPoems are written in lines, which can vary in length. Lines are grouped together in stanzas; separated by a space.The poet chooses the line length to fit the rhythm, feeling, or thought expressed in the poem.
31 Terms to learn Figurative Language Alliteration Metaphor Simile PersonificationImageryTheme
32 Figurative LanguageWriting that conveys a meaning beyond the ordinary, literal meaningEx. simile, metaphor, personification
33 AlliterationThe repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of wordsExample: No one knows your name
34 MetaphorA comparison of two things with a common quality, but it does not use the words like or as.Example: She is a clown= she is crazy.
35 SimileA comparison of two things with a common quality expressed using the words like or asExample: The dog was as small as a mouse.Example: The horse was skinny like a twig.
36 PersonificationWhen a poet describes an animal or object as if it were human or had human qualitiesExample: The tea cups in Beauty and the Beast are examples of personification.
37 Imagery Words and phrases that appeal to the five senses Poets use imagery to create a picture in the reader’s mindExample: The wet green grass gleamed.
38 ThemeThe meaning, moral, or message about life or human nature that is communicated by a literary workExample: The theme of “The Monkey’s Paw” might be that you should be careful what you wish for.