Presentation on theme: "What would you like to learn about poetry?"— Presentation transcript:
1 What would you like to learn about poetry? Poetry Study GuideWhat would you like to learn about poetry?
2 MetaphorComparison of two seemingly unlike things without using like, as, than, or resembles.Almost as if a statement of fact.Example: The forest is a loud marketplace.The fog comes on little cat feet.
3 SimileA comparison of two seemingly unlike things using a connecting word. (Like, as, than, resembles)Example: The class is like a crowd at a concert.Do dreams dry up like raisins in the sun?
4 Personification Language attributed to nonhuman things. Example: The trees yawned in the strong breeze.The sky hollered with a thunderous clap.
5 Onomatopoeia The use of a word whose sound imitates its meaning. Example: The bee buzzed around the flower.The snake hissed in the grass.We heard a honk right before the car accident.
6 ImageryDescriptive language writers use to make word pictures or images.Example: Describe the picture to the right in your own words.
7 Rhythm, Rhyme, Rhyme Scheme, Meter Rhythm is the pattern created by the stressed and unstressed syllables of words in sequence.Rhyme is the repetition of identical or similar sounds in stressed syllables.Rhyme scheme- a pattern of end rhymes.Meter- controlled pattern of rhythm.Free verse- no set meter or rhyme scheme.We will explore these sound devices on Wednesday.
8 Alliteration, Consonance, Assonance Alliteration- repetition of initial consonant sounds.Example: Sometimes, super salmon sing songs.Assonance- repetition of vowel sounds.Example: I love gloves from the oven.Consonance- repetition of consonants within nearby words in which the separating vowels differ.Examples: live/love, lift/loft, sift/soft, tame/time
9 Foreshadow Suggestion that something may happen Indication of events/actions to come
10 Hyperbole Exaggeration Example: This is taking forever. I could eat a horse.
11 Allusion A casual reference Example: Melinda speaks of Cubism and Picasso.
12 Repetition Repetition- the use of any language element more than once. Example: Hughes’s repetition of “Let America be America again”
13 Types of Poetry Narrative- A story is told in verse. Epic- a long narrative poem about gods and heroes.Ballad- songlike narrative about an adventure or romance.Lyric- a brief poem is which the author expresses the feelings of a single speaker.Dramatic- writer tells a story using a character’s own thoughts or statements.
14 Elements of Poetry Stanza- groupings of lines. Couplets- groupings of two linesTercets- three-line stanzasQuatrains- four-line stanzasSestet- six-line stanzaOctave- eight-line stanza
15 Sonnet and HaikuSonnet- fourteen-line lyric poem with formal patterns of rhyme, rhythm, and line structure.See assignment for Wednesday and ThursdayHaiku- poem containing three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables.Usually used to convey a single, vivid emotion using imagery.
16 Iambic PentameterIamb- short - longPentameter- five feet