2 Poetic Elements Dealing with Word Choice RhymeImageryAlliterationRepetitionToneMood
3 Rhyme Repetition of sounds at the ends of words. Poets use rhyme to lend a song-like quality to their verses and to emphasize certain words or ideasMany poems contain end-rhymes or rhyming words at the ends of lines
4 Imagery Words or phrases that appeal to one or more of the 5 senses Writers use imagery to describe how their subjects look, sound, feel, taste, and smellPoets often paint images, or word pictures, that also appeal to your sensesThese pictures help you experience the poem fully
5 Alliteration The repetition of initial consonant sounds Writers use this to draw attention to certain words or ideas to imitate sounds and to create musical effects
6 RepetitionUse, more than once, of any element of language- A sound, word, phrase clause or sentenceUsed in prose and poetry
7 Tone Writer’s attitude toward his or her audience and subject Often be described by an adjective such as formal or informal, serious or playful, bitter or ironicFactors that contribute to the tone are word choice, sentence structure, line length, rhyme, rhythm, and repetition
8 Mood Feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage Similar to tone
9 Organization of Poetry StructureLinesStanzaCoupletTercetQuatrain
10 StanzaGroup of lines of poetry that are usually similar in length and pattern and are separated by spacesLike a paragraph of poetryIt states and develops a single main idea
11 CoupletTwo lines of a verse usually in the same meter and joined by rhyme, that form a unit
12 TercetA set or group of three lines in a verse rhyming together or connected by rhyme with an adjacent tercet
13 QuatrainA stanza of four lines; one having alternate rhymes
15 Formal VersePoetry that overtly uses the effects of meter, rhyme and form, especially the fixed forms (sonnets, villanelles etc.)
16 Free VersePoetry that is open to pattern and is recognized as nonconforming and rhyme-less verse.
17 Lyric PoetryHighly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speakerCreates single unified impression
18 Narrative Poetry Story told in verse Narrative poems often have all the elements of short stories including characters, conflict, and plot
19 Ballads A poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas. Traditional ballads are typically of unknown authorship, having been passed on orally from one generation to the next as part of the folk culture.
20 Epic PoetryHeroic poetryPoetry celebrating the deeds of a hero
21 Dramatic PoetryA verse or verses which are written to be spoken, usually by a character invented by the author himself.As opposed to lyric and narrative poetry, dramatic poetry is narrated by the characters themselves.The term is also used to refer to plays written in verse, such as most of Shakespeare's plays.