Presentation on theme: "Form (structure) Meaning & Use Pronunciation"— Presentation transcript:
1 Form (structure) Meaning & Use Pronunciation The Simple Past TenseForm (structure)Meaning & UsePronunciation
2 How do we make the simple past tense . . . ? English has 2 types of verbs in the past tense:taughtwalkedstudiedgavebecamecriedliveddidirregularregularRegular verbsIrregular verbsregularirregularirregularLook at the following list of past tense verbs…which verbs are regular, and which are irregular?regularregularirregular
3 Regular verbs are verbs that …. …end with –edSimple Form Past TenseWalkStudyCryLivewalkedstudiedcriedlived
4 Irregular verbs are verbs that... …DON’T end with –edSome Irregular Verbshave a vowel change in the past tense:Simple Form Past Tensebecome becamegive gavedrive droveforget forgotExamples
5 Other Irregular Verbs have a different kind of change: Examples:Simple Pastteach taughtbring broughtleave lefthear heardbuy boughtCelia bought a new computer last weekend.
6 And Some Irregular Verbs don’t change at all . . . examples:Simple Pasthit hitput putset setThe children set the table every Sunday.The children set the table last night.
7 **Be careful with spelling changes! For regular verbs, simply use the –ed form of the verb in a positive sentence.When I was a child, I ___________ the piano.Donna ______________ and _______________ in Paris when she was younger.playedstudiedlived**Be careful withspelling changes!
8 Unfortunately, these forms must be memorized! For irregular verbs, use the correct past tense form in positive sentences.Unfortunately, these forms must be memorized!Last week, I ___________ you a letter.William _____________ to San Francisco last week. He __________ all the great sites there.sentdrovesaw
9 For negative sentences, USE did notverb,simpleform+orI went to work yesterday.Carl didn’t go to work because he was sick.didn't
10 Exception = Verb BE! The verb be is special. was not + or were Never use DID NOT or DIDN’T with the verb BE. Instead, just use:wasnot+orwere
11 Meaning & Use last month last week ago yesterday last year In what situations do English speakers usethe simple past tense?Completed actions in the pastWhat are some common time expressions used with the past tense?last monthagolast weekyesterdaylast year
12 Examples: These actions are over, finished! I saw Maria yesterday. Last Friday, the students took their spelling and vocabulary tests.They got married two years ago.These actionsare over, finished!
13 Pronunciation of regular verbs The –ed ending in English has: 3 different soundsdtid
14 Some regular verbs end with a “t” sound: walkedlaughedwashedtalkedjumped
15 Some regular verbs end with a “d” sound: plannedplayedlearnedansweredloved
16 Other regular verbs end with an “id” sound: These verbs have an extra syllable:Simple Form Past Tenseinviteinvitedwaitedwaitdecideddecide
17 There are rules that tell us how to pronounce the -ed. However,It’s a good idea for students to make a list of which –ed verbs have a “t” sound, which have a “d” sound, and which have an “id” sound.And with practice, you can start to learn and memorize correct pronunciation.
18 Student Practice: Good Luck!!! Go to our class website: On the right side of the page, under Important websites for class, click on Week 2 Practice.Good Luck!!!