Presentation on theme: "Simple Past Tense (زمن الماضي البسيط)"— Presentation transcript:
1 Simple Past Tense (زمن الماضي البسيط) Present continuousFuture Be + going toSimple Past
2 The differences between : Present continuousSimple Present TenseSimple past TensePCSPTSPTActivitiesNowActivitiesregularlyActivitiespast
3 Simple Past (الماضي البسيط) يستخدم الماضي البسيط:للتحدث عن اعمال قام بها شخص ما في زمن الماضي.Use of Simple Past….We use Simple Past to talk about actions in the past.For example:I studied hard yesterday.
4 Simple Past Structure ( بنية الماضي البسيط) (V2 = Regular verb or Irregular verb)YouTheyWe (Regular verb) (I watched TV last night)IHeShe (Irregular verb) (He went to school yesterday)ItSimple Past Structure ( بنية الماضي البسيط)
5 (Regular verbs) we simply add “ed” at the end. V1 (Present)V2 (past)V3 (past Participle)helphelpedopenopenedstopstoppedchangechanged
6 (Irregular verbs) The form of a verb in the past will be changed. Check out Irregular verbs ListV1(Present)V2 (Past)V3 (Past Participle)taketooktakenbuyboughteatateeatengivegavegiven
7 Expressions Showing Past Time SubjectVerbExpressions of timeIYoustudiedYesterdayبالامسHeShetook a test_____ agoمنذ ساعتين two hours ago منذ اسبوع one week ago منذ ثلاثة اشهر three months ago منذ سنة one year agoWeTheycheckedlast _____الليله الماضية last night الاسبوع الماضي last week الشهر الماضي last month السنة الماضية last year الثلاثاء الماضي last Tuesday الصيف الماضي last summer
8 Have you recognized some spelling rules… DescriptionAdd (ed) or (d) to most verbs in pastUse = used talk = talkedVerb ends in Consonant + yChange ( y ) to ( i ) and add edstudy = studied apply = appliedVerb ends in Vowel + w, x or y(vowels = a, i, u, o, e)Only add (ed) fix = fixedplay = played follow = followedOne syllable verb ends in consonant after vowelDouble the consonant and add (ed)stop = stopped shop = shopped
9 Look at the pictures and Try to make a full sentence with Simple Past tense?
10 He slept late yesterday. slept (sleep) lateHe did not wake up early this morning because…He slept late yesterday.
11 He cannot play football because… broke (break) his legHe cannot play football because…He broke his leg.
12 He studied very well. studied (study) very well He passed the final examination because…He studied very well.
13 She was sick yesterday because… ate (eat) food too muchShe was sick yesterday because…She ate food too much.
14 Think now, how can you make the negative forms….
15 He slept late yesterday. He did not sleep late yesterday.He broke his leg.He did not break his leg.
16 We use Did with Simple Past. Questions for Simple Past tenseWe use Did with Simple Past.Did with I / they / you / we /She / he / itExample:Did you go to school yesterday?Did he call you last night?
17 Can you use these words to make sentences in Simple Past tense? talkusestophave/has
18 Sentences in Past Simple Ok I’ll help you…….…verbSentences in Past SimpletalkMy father talked to me yesterday.useI used my computer to do my homework.stopI stopped my car when the traffic light was red.havehasI had dinner with my family last night.He had dinner with his family last night.
19 Simple Past To talk about actions in the past Subjects + Positive - NegativeQuestionIyou / we / theyhe / she / itI went to schoolI did not go to work.Did you go out last night?They studied hard.You did not go out.Did you study yesterday?He went shopping.He didn’t stay in his apartment.Did he stay home last night?
20 ActivityIn your notebook, write four sentences in Simple Present tense and then change them all into Simple Past Tense:
21 A. forms of the irregular : Simple PastSimple Presentmeetdrivespeakputwriteseedositstandrunmetdrovespokeputwrotesawdidsatstoodran
22 B. Put the verbs into the simple past: 1. Last year I____________ (go) to England on holiday.2. It_____________ (be) fantastic.3. I_____________ (visit) lots of interesting places.4. I_____________ (be) with two friends of mine .5.In the mornings we_____________ (walk) in the streets of London.6. In the evenings we_____________ (go) to Garden.7.The weather______________ (be) strangely fine.8. It_____________ (not / rain) a lot.But we_____________(see) some beautiful rainbows.9. Where_____________ (spend / you) your last holiday?wentwasvisitedwaswalkedwentwasdidn’t rainsawDid you spend
23 He wasn’t a good student. C. Complete the table in simple past:QuestionNegativeaffirmativeHe wrote a bookHe didn’t play football.Was he a good student?He didn’t write a book.Did he write a book?He played football.Did he play football?He was a good student.He wasn’t a good student.
24 D. Put the sentences into simple past: 1. We move to a new house. → 2 D. Put the sentences into simple past: 1. We move to a new house. → 2. They bring a sandwich. → 3. He doesn't do the homework. → 4. They sell cars. → 5. Does he visit his friends? →We moved to a new house.They brought a sandwich.He didn’t do the homework.They sold cars.Did he visit his friends?
25 E. Write sentences in simple past: 1. Ahmed / miss / the bus → 2 E. Write sentences in simple past: 1. Ahmed / miss / the bus → 2. she / clean / her room → 3. He / watch / not / television→ 4. she / read / a book →Ahmed missed the bus.She cleaned her room.He didn’t watch TV.She read a book.
26 F. Choose "Was“ or "Were“: 1. The teacher_______________ nice. 2 F. Choose "Was“ or "Were“: 1. The teacher_______________ nice. 2. The students_______________ very clever. 3. But one student_______________ in trouble. 4. We________________ sorry for him. 5. He_______________ nice though.waswerewaswerewas