Presentation on theme: "The articles Svetlana Egorova English The articles"— Presentation transcript:
1 The articles Svetlana Egorova English The articles Inglise keel > Keeleõpetus > grammatikaForm 9Teacher Igor Jallai
2 Use the definite article the to talk about the following: inventionsWhen was the telephone invented?species of animalsThe domestic cat has lived alongside humans since the time of Pharaohs.rivers, seas and oceansThe river Volga flows into the Caspian Sea.mountain rangersThey went skiing in the Swiss Alps.
3 The Seychelles are a group of islands in the Indian Ocean. island groupsThe Seychelles are a group of islands in the Indian Ocean..desertsThe sand on this beach was imported from the Sahara.hotelsThe Grand Hotel is in Baker Street.cinemas, theatreWe are going to the Odeon this evening
4 newspapersWhich newspaper shall I buy – the Independent or the Herald?national groupsThe Welsh are famous for their singing.museums, art galleriesYou should go to the Science Museum. It’s very interesting.organisationsHe used to work for the BBC.
5 Also use the definite article: with superlativesHe is the tallest boy in our class.when there is only one of somethingThe earth goes round the sun.to talk about particular nouns when it is clear what we are referring toWhere is the dog? I want to take him for a walk.to talk about previously mentioned thingsThere is a cat in the yard. The cat is black.
6 Use the indefinite article a/an: with (singular) jobs, etc.She is a doctor.with singular countable nouns (mentioned for the first time or when it doesn’t matter which one).I need a pencil.with these numbers: 100, 1,000, 1,000,000There were over a hundred people at the party.in exclamationsWhat a lovely dress!
7 The zero article Use no article (the zero article) to talk about: continentsThey are travelling through Asia.countriesHave you been to Russia?mountainsThey have reached the summit of Mount Everest.lakesChicago is on Lake Michigan.
8 villages, towns, citiesWe live in Tartu.streets, roads, etc.He lives in Oxford Street.magazinesDo you read Time magazine?illnessesHe’s got flu.uncountable, plural and abstract nouns used in their general senseLove makes the world go round.We buy fruit and vegetables at the market.
9 Also use no articles in the following expressions: to/ at/ from school/university/ collegein/ to classto/ in/ into/ from churchto/ in/ into/ out of prison/ hospital/ bedto/ at/ from workfor/ at/ to breakfast/ lunch/ dinnerby car/ bus/ bicycle/ plane/ train/tube/ boat/ on foot
10 Put the articles where necessary: William Shakespeare, … greatest English playwright, was born in 1564 in …Stradford-on-Avon in … England. …Stradford is … small country town in … farming district near … centre of … England. … Avon, which is … pretty river with … grass and … trees all along its banks, runs through … Stradrord. Not much is known of … Shakespeare’s father. He was … farmer who, at … different times of his life, sold … meat and bought and sold … wool. He was poor and was often in … money difficulties. Very little is known about … life of his only son William also. … little house in which … great writer was born still stands It is now … museum. William went to … school in … Stradford. In 1586 he went to … London. Probably … first work he did there was at one of
11 … the two theatres that there were in … London at that time … the two theatres that there were in … London at that time. Then he became … actor and soon began to write … plays for … company of actors to which he belonged. Shakespeare bought … largest house in his home town in 1597, but he did not spend much time there till He spent … last years of his life mostly in … Stradford, but he often visited … London. He died in 1616.