Presentation on theme: "Breast Cancer Prevention & Early Detection"— Presentation transcript:
1 Breast Cancer Prevention & Early Detection WOMEN’S BREAST CENTER6300 8th Avenue, 2nd FloorBrooklyn, NY 11220Phone (718) , 2560Fax: (718)Breast Cancer Prevention & Early DetectionCHARUSHEELA ANDAZ, MDAssociate DirectorDivision of Breast Surgery
14 Clinical Breast Examination (CBE) AgeFrequency of CBE20 – 39Every 3 years40Every YearThis is a good time to learn how to perform a breast self examination if you don’t know already.
15 SELF BREAST EXAMINATION Once every month starting at the age of 20
16 BREAST SELF EXAMINATION There are two parts to the BSELookingFeeling
17 Looking Monthly BSE in Mirror Place arms at sidesBecause the upright position can make it easier to check the upper and outer portions of the breasts and armpit, breast self-examination (BSE) should be performed standing up in addition to lying down. Looking (inspection) should take place in front of a mirror in a well-lit area. A tall dressing mirror is often best. While standing in front of a mirror, undress down to the waist.
19 LumpAny new lump or hard knot found in the breast or armpit.Any new lump or thickening that does not shrink or lessen after your next period.
20 Change in Skin Color, Size or Texture Any change in size, shape or symmetry of your breastAny thickening or swelling of the breast
21 Skin Dimpling Any dimpling, puckering or indention in the breast Dimpling, skin irritation or other change in the breast skin or nipple
22 Changes in NippleRedness or scaliness of the nipple or breast skinNipple tenderness or painNipple retraction; turning or drawing inward or pointing in a new direction
23 Nipple DischargeAny fluid coming from your nipples other than breast milk, particularly if the discharge is bloody, clear and sticky, dark or occurs without squeezing your nipple
24 Feeling Examine each breast separately Use pads of fingers not the tipsExamine the armpitsDuring the standing portion of the exam, the lymph nodes in each armpit and surrounding areas under the arm should be carefully examined. Lymph nodes are normally about the size of kidney beans. Sometimes the lymph nodes may be enlarged by a non-cancerous infection. Occasionally, lymph node enlargement may be caused by a cancerous process. As with any breast or nipple changes, women should report any lymph node changes or enlargement to their physicians.
25 Feeling Finger UseUse the pads of your middle three fingers to feel the texture of your breast.Your finger pads are the top third of each finger, not the tips.
47 CHEMOTHERAPY Anticancer drug In early breast cancer after surgery to reduce the risk of recurrenceLarge and locally advanced cancer to reduce the size prior to surgeryIn metastatic cancer to reduce cancer that has spread to relieve symptoms and prolong life
48 HORMONAL THERAPYHormones in the blood stream can attach to cancer cells and promote their growthHormonal therapy blocks the receptor or production of hormones
49 EMERGING THERAPIESConstant search for new and better way to treat cancerInclude Targeted therapy
50 EMERGING THERAPIESRadiation including Brachy therapy, Intra operative high dose RTNewer chemotherapeutic agents
51 COMPLIMENTARY THERAPY UnconventionalSupplementary and should not replace conventional treatmentIntegrated therapy to relieve stress such as massage, acupuncture
52 PROGNOSIS Early Breast Cancer ( Stage 1) 10 year survival - over 90%Advanced Breast Cancer ( Stage IV)10 year survival - less than 10%
53 Though Early Detection and Improved Treatments more Women Than ever are Surviving Breast Cancer