Breast Cancer A group of diseases in which cells in the body grow, change, and multiply out of control Usually, cancer is named after the body part in which it originated The term breast cancer refers to a malignant tumour that has developed from cells in the breast
Symptoms of Breast Cancer New lumps or thickening in the breast or under the arm Breast lumps Nipple soreness or breast pain Nipple discharge or turning in Rash or red swollen breasts Swelling of all part of the breast Skin irritation or dimpling
Causes of Breast Cancer Gender: 100 times more common in women than men Age: chance of getting breast cancer goes up when 55 or older Genetic risk factors: 5%-10% of breast cancer are linked to genes Family history: higher among women whose close blood relatives have this disease
Prevention For women who are at extremely high risk of developing breast cancer both breast removed taking medicines that block the effect of estrogen in the body
Prevention For most women: 1. Regular check up 2. Reducing long-term use of hormone therapy for symptoms of menopause. 3. Lifestyle factors that can reduce risk a) Stay physically active b) Limit alcohol c) Limiting fat in your diet and maintain a healthy weight
Treatment Breast cancer treatment can include: Surgery Chemotherapy Radiotherapy Hormonal therapies A specific drug for particular type of breast cancer
The aim of treatments To remove the breast cancer Destroy any cancer cells that may remain in the breast and surrounding area Destroy any cancer cells that may have spread outside the breast
What treatments are available Depending on a number of factors and the stage of the cancer Degree of potential aggressiveness of the cells The most extensive surgical option is to remove the breast and lymph nodes under the arm Combination treatments
Prognosis of breast cancer Outcome of breast cancer Duration of breast cancer Chances of complications Prospects for recovery Survival rates, death rates
CHANCE OF RECOVERY Stages Types Characteristics of cancer cells Whether the cancer is found in your other breast Age, weight, Menopausal status General health
Recurrence of breast cancer: One of every 10 patients who are treated with lumpectomy and radiation therapy will have a recurrence of breast cancer in the same breast within 12 years. Fear of recurrence of breast cancer is the reason why many women prefer a mastectomy to a lumpectomy.
STATISTICS Currently 36 women in Australia are diagnosed with breast cancer everyday. Indigenous women are less likely to be diagnosed than non-indigenous women in 2002-2006. The average age of first diagnosis was 60 years old for a woman in 2006.
CONCLUSION The most common cause of cancer related to death in women. Early detection and screening is vital. Breast self-examination is important but it should not substituted for screening tests. Maintain a healthy weight, add exercise into our routine. Limit alcohol intake and non- smoking.