Presentation on theme: "Breast Cancer Awareness: A Business Resource Kit"— Presentation transcript:
1 Breast Cancer Awareness: A Business Resource Kit Train the TrainerMaterials received from Susan G. Komen for the Cure and Johns Hopkins Medicine International
2 Lesson Plan Outline Common Breast Conditions Program Purpose Risk FactorsSigns & SymptomsEarly DetectionTreatmentsTakeaway LessonsQ&A SessionProgram PurposeProgram GoalsLearning ObjectivesCourse DeliveryBreast Cancer SnapshotBreast Cancer StatisticsWhat Is Breast Cancer?
3 Purpose of ProgramIncrease the number of women who follow recommended guidelines for early detectionReduce the number of women diagnosed with late stage breast cancerIncrease the number of women surviving breast cancer diagnosisAdapted from materials created by Johns Hopkins Medicine International.
4 Program GoalsConduct lunchtime breast health awareness sessions for female employees in a corporate settingTeach the 3-step approach to early detection during lunchtime sessionTeach the steps on how to perform a breast self exam during lunchtime sessionAfter the lunchtime session, disseminate breast health materials and referral information to local clinical resources and services
5 Learning ObjectivesBe able to discuss the materials provided in Breast Cancer Awareness: A Business Resource KitBe able to discuss the value of:Annual mammogramsAnnual clinical breast examsMonthly breast self-examsAdapted from materials created by Johns Hopkins Medicine International.
6 Learning ObjectivesBe able to organize and conduct a Breast Health Awareness Program within your own settingPromote breast cancer awareness to your customers and in your communityAdapted from materials created by Johns Hopkins Medicine International.
7 Course Delivery Be familiar with the content Target presentations to particular workplace setting and audiencePractice before presentingEnsure that ample time remains for questions and answersAdapted from materials created by Johns Hopkins Medicine International.
8 Course Delivery Cultural Sensitivity Use visual aids and handoutsAttend to logistics—room setup, quiet environment, no distractions, privacyProvide a list of resources for women to get more information about breast health and breast cancerProvide resources for getting help with a breast health question or problemCultural SensitivityBe knowledgeable about your audienceBe sensitive to cultural and religious concernsEnsure privacy and discretionAdapted from materials created by Johns Hopkins Medicine International.
9 Breast Cancer Snapshot Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women.When diagnosed early, the chance of survival is greater. When the cancer is confined to the breast, the 5-year survival rate in the U.S. is more than 95 percent.Although more common among women over 40, younger women also can develop the disease.All women are at risk for breast cancer.Adapted from materials developed by Susan G. Komen for the Cure
10 Breast Cancer Statistics Worldwide, breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths for women aged 15 to 64.Worldwide, one person is diagnosed with breast cancer every 30 seconds.Worldwide, one person dies of breast cancer every 90 seconds.Adapted from materials developed by Susan G. Komen for the Cure.
11 Adapted from materials developed by Susan G. Komen for the Cure What Is Breast Cancer?The light circles represent normal breast cells, while the dark-shaded circles represent cancerous breast cells. As the cancerous cells grow and multiply, they develop into a malignant tumor within the breast.Adapted from materials developed by Susan G. Komen for the Cure
12 Common Benign (Not Cancer) Breast Conditions Fibrocystic breastsCystsFibroadenomasIntraductal papillomasMastitisAdapted from materials developed by the National Cancer Institute.
13 Adapted from materials developed by Susan G. Komen for the Cure Risk FactorsFactors that may increase your risk of breast cancer:Getting older — the older you get, the greater your risk of breast cancerHaving an inherited mutation in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 breast cancer genesHaving a previous biopsy showing hyperplasia or carcinoma in situFamily history of breast cancerHaving high breast density on a mammogramBeing exposed to large amounts of radiation, such as having very frequent spine X-rays during scoliosis treatment or treatment for Hodgkin’s disease at a young agePersonal history of breast or ovarian cancerStarting menopause after age 55Never having childrenHaving your first child after age 35High bone densityBeing overweight after menopause or gaining weight as an adultHaving more than one drink of alcohol per dayCurrently or recently using combined estrogen and progesterone hormone replacement therapy (HRT)Being younger than 12 at the time of your first periodCurrent or recent use of birth control pillsAdapted from materials developed by Susan G. Komen for the Cure
14 Adapted from materials developed by Susan G. Komen for the Cure. Signs & SymptomsLump, hard knot or thickeningSwelling, warmth, redness or darkeningChange in the size or shape of nipple or breastDimpling or puckering of the skinItchy, scaly sore or rash on the nipplePulling in of your nipple or other partsNipple discharge that starts suddenlyNew pain in one spot that does not go awayPain or tenderness not associated with menstrual cycleAdapted from materials developed by Susan G. Komen for the Cure.
15 Early Detection Three Steps Annual screening mammogram beginning at age 40Clinical breast exams at least every 3 years at age 20 and every year at age 40Monthly breast self-exams by age 20
16 MammographyMammography is the best method available for diagnosing breast cancer at a stage when it can be most effectively treated.Mammography can identify breast cancer several years before it can be felt during a physical examination.
17 Preparing for a Mammogram Schedule several days after your menstrual period endsWear no perfume, powder, or deodorantBring previous mammograms if they were performed at another mammography facilityAdapted from materials created by Johns Hopkins Medicine International.
18 Screening Mammography Mammography will detect about 90 percent of breast cancers in women who have no outwardly visible symptoms.Mammography is highly accurate, but like most medical tests, it is not perfect.Adapted from materials created by Johns Hopkins Medicine International.
19 Screening Mammography Have a mammogram every year starting at age 40If under 40 and have family history of breast cancer or other concerns, talk to your doctorAdapted from materials developed by Susan G. Komen for the Cure
20 Screening Mammogram Includes two sets of low dose x-rays Detects breast cancer while still at an early stage when most treatableUsed for annual screeningUsed to look at structure of breast tissue when no symptoms presentAdapted from materials created by Johns Hopkins Medicine International.
21 Diagnostic MammogramUsed to evaluate a woman with a breast problem or symptom of an abnormality found on a screening mammogramUsually includes additional x-rays of one or both breastsFocuses on a particular areaAdapted from materials created by Johns Hopkins Medicine International.
22 Clinical ExamDoctor or nurse will look and feel breasts and under arms for changes.Sometimes breast cancer will not show up on a mammogram but can be felt.
23 Clinical Exam Have breast exam at age 20 Have breast exams at least every 3 years between age 20 and 39Have breast exams every year at age 40 and over
24 Performing Breast Self-Exam Be sure to completely examine all the breast tissueApply firm pressureKnow what your breasts normally feel like– remember you are looking for a change
25 What to look for when performing Breast Self-Exam A change from last monthA lump or thickeningA change in the size or shape of breastNipple dischargeDimpling, puckering, or severe dryness of skin or nippleLocalized breast pain
26 Adapted from materials developed by Susan G. Komen for the Cure Step One: Lying DownLie down on your back with a pillow under your right shoulderUse the pads of the three middle fingers on your left hand to check your right breastPress using light, medium and firm pressure in a circle without lifting your fingers off the skinFollow an up and down patternFeel for changes in your breast, above and below your collarbone and in your armpitRepeat on your left breast using your right handAdapted from materials developed by Susan G. Komen for the Cure
27 Step Two: In Front of Mirror Hold arms at your sideHold arms over your headPress your hands on your hips and tighten your chest musclesBend forward with your hands on your hipsAdapted from materials developed by Susan G. Komen for the Cure
28 If something is found…Most signs and symptoms are harmless but still need to be checkedDon’t ignore themThe doctor needs to determine if a problem exists
29 TreatmentsSurgery—mastectomy, lumpectomy, sentinel lymph node, lymph node removal, breast reconstructionChemotherapyRadiationHormonal therapyTargeted biologic therapyAdapted from materials created by Johns Hopkins Medicine International.
30 Takeaway LessonsFeel less fearful and more hopeful about breast cancerIncorporate breast health habits into a total wellness programPerform a breast self-exams competently and with confidenceBe assertive about reporting a breast change to health care provider, promoting early detectionAdapted from materials created by Johns Hopkins Medicine International.