2 What Is Breast Cancer?A malignant (cancerous) tumor that develops from cells in the breast.Most breast lumps are benign (not cancerous).Early detection is very important because the cancer can spread if not treated at its earliest stages.
3 Cancer Statistics In 2012, the American Cancer Society estimates: 226,870 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed among women2,190 cases of breast cancer are expected to occur among men39,920 deaths (39,510 women and 410 men)
4 Risk FactorsA number of factors can influence the risk of developing breast cancer, including:Use of alcohol, especially two or more drinks daily.Obesity and physical inactivity.
5 Risk Factors Family history of cancer Having a first-degree relative (mother, sister, or daughter) with breast cancer.Most women with breast cancer do not have a family history.Reproductive factorsNever having children or having first live birth after age 30.Starting monthly periods early in life.Starting menopause late in life.
6 Reducing Your Risk Maintain a healthy weight throughout life. Adopt a physically active lifestyle.Consume a healthy diet, with an emphasis on plant sources.Limit alcohol consumption.Breast feed.
7 Early Detection is Key Can be successfully treated if detected early. Mammography can detect breast early, often before physical symptoms develop.All women should have regular breast examinations by a health provider.
8 American Cancer Society Screening Recommendations Annual mammograms starting at age 40, for as long as a woman is in good health.Clinical breast exam by a health professional:Every 3 years for women ages 20 to 39Annually for women age 40 or olderBreast self exam is optional for women starting in their 20’s.Women who have a family history of breast cancer should talk with their doctor about when to start screening.
9 Symptoms The most common sign of breast cancer is a new lump or mass. Other signs may include:Swelling of part of a breast (even if no distinct lump is felt)Skin irritation or dimplingNipple pain or retraction (turning inward)Redness or scaliness of the nipple or breast skinDischarge other than breast milk
10 Treatment Most successful when breast cancer is detected early. Often, two or more treatment methods are used.Patients should thoroughly discuss treatment options with their doctor.
11 Treatment OptionsLumpectomy* - removal of tumor and surrounding tissueMastectomy* - removal of the breastChemotherapy (before or after surgery)Hormone therapyRadiation therapy*The lymph nodes under the arm may also be removed to determine the stage of the disease.
12 Survival Rates 5-year localized survival rate is 99% Localized cancer is cancer that, at the time of diagnosis, had not spread to additional sites within the body.Survival rate is 82%For all stages, years after diagnosis.
13 American Cancer Society Resources Reach to Recovery is a program designed to provide information and support to anyone facing breast cancer through one-on-one contacts with survivors of breast cancer.Day to day helpWigs, hats, scarvesProsthesis and brasTransportation and lodging assistanceReferrals to community resources and support groups
14 Visit MakingStridesNorthTexas.org to learn more. Making Strides Against Breast Cancer is the Society’s premier event for raising awareness and funds to fight breast cancer.The 5K walk helps fund programs, like Reach to Recovery, that help breast cancer patients.Visit MakingStridesNorthTexas.org to learn more.
15 The Bottom LineNearly all breast cancers can be treated successfully if found early.Annual mammograms beginning at age 40Regular clinical breast exams by a doctor or nurseMonthly breast self-examsBreast cancer risk may be reduced by being physically active, maintaining a healthy weight, and reducing alcohol use.
16 Contact the American Cancer Society American Cancer Society programs and services are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.Visit cancer.orgCall toll-free 1–800–227–2345