Presentation on theme: "LESSON OBJECTIVES/ GOALS/ SWBAT"— Presentation transcript:
1 LESSON OBJECTIVES/ GOALS/ SWBAT STANDARD(S): Students analyze the significant events in the founding of the nation.LESSON OBJECTIVES/ GOALS/ SWBAT1. Describe the impact of new markets, entrepreneurs, and inventions on the 19th-century American economy.2. Explain the ways in which workplaces changed during the market revolution.3. Summarize the efforts of workers to improve their economic security.
2 A BULLDOG ALWAYSCommitmentAttitudeCARESRespectEncouragementSafety
3 The Market Revolution Section 4 Inventions and economic developments in the early 19th century helps transform American society.NEXT
4 The Market Revolution The Market Revolution U.S. Markets Expand 4 SECTIONThe Market RevolutionThe Market RevolutionU.S. Markets Expand• Market revolution—people buy and sell goods rather than make them• In 1840s economy grows more than in previous 40 years• Free enterprise—private businesses free to operate for profit• Entrepreneurs invest own money in new industriesContinued . . .NEXT
5 SECTION 4: THE MARKET REVOLUTION Known as the Market Revolution, people increasingly bought and sold goods rather than make them for themselvesA 19th century market
6 U.S. Markets ExpandThe first half of the 19th century in America, brought vast changes to technology, transportation, and productionInventions and economic developments in the early 19th century helps transform American society.
7 How did these innovations and inventions help expand the national market economy? 1. Entrepreneurial activityProvided investment capital to create new companies and industries that boosted U.S. industrial output
8 CHP3:SECTION4:AA – How did entrepreneurs contribute to the market revolution?Entrepreneurs created new businesses and new products to be bought and sold.
9 Inventions and Improvements 4SECTIONcontinued The Market RevolutionInventions and Improvements• Samuel F. B. Morse’s telegraph helps business, railroads communicate• Improved transportation systems cut freight costs, speed travelNEXT
10 Inventions and Improvements 1837 – Samuel Morse invented the TelegraphRailroads were becoming faster and more numerous by 1830 surpassing canals as # 1 means of transportBy 1854, 23,000 miles of telegraph wire crossed the country
11 How did these innovations and inventions help expand the national market economy? 2. TelegraphImproved communication; allowed businesspersons to stay in contact; helped trains move more efficiently and safely; linked regions of the country
12 The Market Revolution Transforms the Nation 4SECTIONcontinued The Market RevolutionThe Market Revolution Transforms the Nation• Many manufactured goods become affordable in early 1800s• Transportation, communication links make regions interdependent• Northeast becomes industrial, commercial; farmers go to MidwestNEXT
13 The Market Revolution Transforms the Nation Robert Fulton invented the Steamboat and by 1830, 200 were on the Mississippi
14 How did these innovations and inventions help expand the national market economy? 3. SteamboatImproved transportation;reduced travel time for goods and people, allowing agricultural and industrial expansion;decreased freight charges
22 How did these innovations and inventions help expand the national market economy? 6. Steel plowMade farming more efficient;allowed farmers to shift from subsistence fanning to growing cash crops
23 CHP3:4:AB – How did technology influence both the North and Midwest in the 1840’s?Technology influenced the North and Midwest by improving means of transportation and communication.Inventions such as the steel plow and the reaper also improved farming in the Midwest.
24 Changing Workplaces Effect of Factories 4 SECTIONChanging WorkplacesEffect of Factories• Families split, towns created, employer-worker relationships change• Machines allow unskilled workers to do jobs of skilled artisansNEXT
25 Effect of Factories• Families split, towns created, employer-worker relationships change• Machines allow unskilled workers to do jobs of skilled artisans
26 Changing Workplaces The Lowell Textile Mills 4 SECTIONChanging WorkplacesThe Lowell Textile Mills• In 1820s, Lowell textile mills employ young farm women• Women get lower pay than men, but factories pay more than other jobs• Conditions worsen: work over 12 hours; dark, hot, cramped factoriesNEXT
27 • employ young farm women Women get lower pay than men, but factories pay more than other jobs• Conditions worsen: work over 12 hours; dark, hot, cramped factories
28 How did these developments affect the lives of workers? 7. Textile millsBrought workers into factory to make goods;introduced workers to industrial work discipline;allowed unskilled workers to replace skilled artisans
29 Workers Seek Better Conditions 4SECTIONWorkers Seek Better ConditionsWorkers Strike• 1830s, 1840s U.S. workers go on strike— work stoppage over job issues• Employers defeat strikes, replace workers with immigrantsNEXT
30 Workers StrikeIn 1834, Lowell, Massachusetts textile workers went on strike after their wages were loweredone example of the dozens of strikes in the U.S. in the 1830s and 1840s
31 Workers Seek Better Conditions 4SECTIONWorkers Seek Better ConditionsImmigration Increases• Immigration—moving to a new country— of 3 million people (1830–1860)NEXT
32 Immigration Increases —moving to a new country— 3 million people (1830–1860)
33 Workers Seek Better Conditions 4SECTIONWorkers Seek Better ConditionsNational Trades’ Union• 1830s, trade unions in different towns join to expand their power• Groups from several industries form National Trades’ Union (1834)• Commonwealth v. Hunt: MA Supreme Court supports right to strikeNEXT
34 Several industries formed the National Trade Union in 1834 in hopes of bettering their conditions STRIKES AND UNIONSBECAME MORENUMEROUS AFTER 1830
35 How did these developments affect the lives of workers? 8. National Trades’ UnionOffered workers a chance to expand their power in the workplace by organizing efforts to improve pay and working conditions
36 National Trades’ Union • Commonwealth v. Hunt: MA Supreme Court supports right to strike
37 How did these developments affect the lives of workers? 9. Commonwealth v. HuntDeclared that workers had the legal right to organize to protect their rights
38 CHP3:4:AC – What was the attitude of many factory owners toward their workers?Most factory owners regarded their workers in the same way that they regarded their machinery.They were to be maintained to provide maximum production and discarded when no longer of any use.
40 How did these developments affect the lives of workers? 10. IndustrializationCreated many jobs;produced goods efficiently;created new markets; produced new goods for use in other sectors of the economy(agriculture, transportation)
41 CHP3:4:AD – Why were most labor strikes of the 1830’s and 1840’s ineffective?Workers were not well organized, they had little public support, and strikers could be easily replaced.